Flashcards in Alcohol Deck (96)
What percentgge of people are teetotal?
What is recommendedalcohol intake for women a week?
Whast is recommended alcohol intake for men a week?
What is defined as a heavy drinker?
Men drinking over 7 units a day
Women drinking over 5 units a day
What is defined as ganerous consumption of alcohol per week?
Males over 50 units
Females over 35 units
When thinking abotu the alcohol cost equation is debit or credit worse?
Debit is only 2 billion and credit is 7 billion!
What social harm does alacohol play the largest part in?
1. Fire deaths
3. Head injuries
What are safe levels to drink a day?
2-3 units if female
3-4 units if male
What blood tests are abnormal in alcohol dependence?
wHAT IS alcohol content expressed as?
Percentage alcohol by volume (%abv)
What does 1ml of alcohol weigh?
What is volume of 1 pint?
What is the equation for the amount of alcohol in grams?
Volume consumed (ml) x %abv x 0.79 (g/ml)
What is the UK unit of alcohol?
10ml of alcohol
8g pure alcohol
What is half a pint of weak beer 3.5%?
What is one small <100ml glass of wine 12%?
What is 28ml of spiri?
What accelerates the absoprtion of alcohol?
Gastric emptying: tolerance and gastrectomy
What slows absorption of alcohol?
Food in stomach, drugs
How much alcohol is absorbed from the stomach and small intestine?
20% from stomach
80% from small intestine
What does rate of alcohol absorption depend on?
Rate of gastric emptying
Type of drink (strenght, effect of congeners)
What is optimum strength of alcohol for absorption?
Name a drink which is absorbed quickly?
Champagne necause high conc and bubbles
Why is beer absorbed slowly?
Low conc, congeners
When is absorption complete by?
1 to 3 hours
What is the rate of elimination?
10-20 mg of alcohol/100mls of blood an hour
How do you work out the concentration at T hours?
Concentration at time 0 - (elimination rate x time)
Assuming 100% absorption and instant distribution, what is equation for Co?
weight alcohol consumed x 100.
Divided by body weight kg x W.F.