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Flashcards in Alcohol Deck (96)
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1

C-OH?

Methanol

2

What percentgge of people are teetotal?

10%

3

What is recommendedalcohol intake for women a week?

14-21 units

4

Whast is recommended alcohol intake for men a week?

21-28 units

5

What is defined as a heavy drinker?

Men drinking over 7 units a day
Women drinking over 5 units a day

6

What is defined as ganerous consumption of alcohol per week?

Males over 50 units
Females over 35 units

7

When thinking abotu the alcohol cost equation is debit or credit worse?

Debit is only 2 billion and credit is 7 billion!

8

What social harm does alacohol play the largest part in?

1. Fire deaths
2. Suicides
3. Head injuries

9

What are safe levels to drink a day?

2-3 units if female
3-4 units if male

10

What blood tests are abnormal in alcohol dependence?

GGT
CDT
MCV

11

wHAT IS alcohol content expressed as?

Percentage alcohol by volume (%abv)

12

What does 1ml of alcohol weigh?

0.79 grams

13

What is volume of 1 pint?

568mls

14

What is the equation for the amount of alcohol in grams?

Volume consumed (ml) x %abv x 0.79 (g/ml)

15

What is the UK unit of alcohol?

10ml of alcohol
8g pure alcohol

16

What is half a pint of weak beer 3.5%?

1 unit

17

What is one small <100ml glass of wine 12%?

1 unit

18

What is 28ml of spiri?

1 unit

19

What accelerates the absoprtion of alcohol?

Gastric emptying: tolerance and gastrectomy

20

What slows absorption of alcohol?

Food in stomach, drugs

21

How much alcohol is absorbed from the stomach and small intestine?

20% from stomach
80% from small intestine

22

What does rate of alcohol absorption depend on?

Rate of gastric emptying
Type of drink (strenght, effect of congeners)

23

What is optimum strength of alcohol for absorption?

10-20%

24

Name a drink which is absorbed quickly?

Champagne necause high conc and bubbles

25

Why is beer absorbed slowly?

Low conc, congeners

26

When is absorption complete by?

1 to 3 hours

27

What is the rate of elimination?

10-20 mg of alcohol/100mls of blood an hour

28

How do you work out the concentration at T hours?

Concentration at time 0 - (elimination rate x time)

29

Assuming 100% absorption and instant distribution, what is equation for Co?

weight alcohol consumed x 100.

Divided by body weight kg x W.F.

30

When can you detect breath alcohol?

1-2 hours after drinking