2. Global Governance (Political and Economic) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2. Global Governance (Political and Economic) Deck (12)
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1

Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs)


This is any non-profit, voluntary citizens' group organised on a local, national or international level – e.g. Christian Aid. NGOs perform a variety of service and humanitarian functions, bring citizens’ concerns to governments, advocate and monitor policies and encourage political participation through provision of information.

2

Structural Adjustment Programme (SAPs)

Conditional loans provided by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank to countries that experienced economic crises.

3

The United Nations

Organisation created in 1945, following the Second World War, to promote international co-operation and to prevent another such conflict.

4

Security Council

The United Nations' most powerful body, with primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security.

5

NATO

North Atlantic Treaty Organisation – military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty, signed in 1949.

6

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

International organisation working to foster global monetary co-operation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world.

7

World Bank

International organisation that offers concessional loans and grants to the world's poorest developing countries in order to reduce poverty.

8

World Trade Organisation (WTO).

Organisation that regulates international trade.

9

G7 (8)

Organisation - A group of seven/eight states.

10

G20

Organisation - A group of twenty states.

11

North-South Divide

Global socio-economic and political divide.

12

Dependency Theory

Emphasises structural imbalances in capitalism that impose dependency on poorer states.