World War I and Extreme Politics (1870-1918) Flashcards Preview

AP European History > World War I and Extreme Politics (1870-1918) > Flashcards

Flashcards in World War I and Extreme Politics (1870-1918) Deck (20)
Loading flashcards...
1

International Working Men's Association

-Marx helped found it
-loose coalition of unions and political parties
-replaced by Second International in 1889

2

Fabian Society

-socialist organization that counseled against revolution
-goal was a society in which the parts of the economy that were crucial to survival and comfort should be owned by the state and regulated by experts employed by the government

3

Social Democrats

-In Germany led by August Bebel
-most successful Socialist party in Europe
-revisionist socialism urged socialists to cooperate with Bourgeois liberals in order to earn immediate gains for the working class

4

Phases of Women's Suffrage Movement

-pioneering phase: suffrage agitation focused on the reform act of 1867
-period of relative dormancy from 1870 to 1905
-period of militancy: campaigned for a more women's rights

5

Anarchist activity

-people under more impressive regimes turn to anarchism
-urged the elimination of state authority that oppressed freedom through general strikes and killing government officials like P. McKinley

6

Ultranationalism and Anti-Semites

-urged that political theories and parties that put class solidarity ahead of loyalty to the nation threatened civilization
-this merged with European suspicion of Jews (anti-Semitism)

7

Zionism

-A movement for the creation of an independent state for Jews
-The World Zionist Organization was formed in 1897

8

Causes of World War I

-nationalities problem: 10 ethnicities in Austria-Hungary
-Rise of Germany & Alliances: triple alliance, triple entente
-Anglo-German rivalry: bc of Germany's rise
-assassination of Archduke
-German military planning: Schlieffen Plan

9

Triple alliance

-Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy
-Bismarck sought security here

10

Triple entente

-Britain, France and Russia

11

Schlieffen Plan

-Germany was sure that war with triple entente was inevitable
-strategy for a two front war of a military thrust westward toward Paris if Russia mobilized in the east
-occurred in 1914

12

Changes on the homefront

-governments to direct control of industries vital to war
-Labor unions relaxed working hours & conditions
-Women were drawn into industrial workforce

13

Zimmerman Note

-triggered american entry into war
-a diplomatic correspondence of dubious origin revealing a supposed deal between Germany and Mexico

14

National Trade Unions Congress

Organization that joined all the labor unions of the country together for political action
-supported the Labour Party (ran working class candidates in British elections)

15

Russian Revolution

-tsar to abdicated & new gvmt (Mensheviks) continued war effort
-second revolution brought Lenin (Bolshevik) to power
-they saw the war as a battle between bourgeoisie fighting over power to exploit proletariat

16

Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

-Bolsheviks decided to abandon the war and work within Russia
-signed the treaty surrendering Poland, Ukraine, Finland and Baltic provinces to Germany

17

Members at the Peace Negotiations in Paris

-France: Georges Clemenceau wants to ensure Germany would never threaten France again
-United States: Woodrow Wilson had bold plans for a new Europe
-Britain: David Lloyd George was a mediator

18

Treaty of Versailles

-germans are forced to pay $5 billion annually
-New independent nations were set up in Eastern Europe
-Germany was to take full blame for the war
-Germany was stripped of all its overseas colonies
-Alsace & Lorraine were returned to France
-allies could occupy German territories on the Rhine
-Germany's forces were limited to 100,000 soldiers

19

Artistic Movements

-expressionism: depicted emotional and psychological stress
(The Scream by Edvard Munch)
-abstractionism: analyzed essence of perception& experience
(Woman with a Guitar by George Braque)

20

Changes to Science

-Albert Einstein's Theory of Relativity
-Max Planck's Quantum Theory of Physics
-Werner Heisenurg's Uncertainty Principle