Wine, Beer and Liquor Terminology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Wine, Beer and Liquor Terminology Deck (36)
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1

What does "body" mean when describing a wine?

The texture or weight of a wine
in the mouth

  • Full-bodied wines have a rich, complex, well-rounded flavor that lingers in the mouth
  • Light-bodied wines are subtle and more watery
  • Medium-bodied wines fall somewhere in between

2

What is the DOC?

Denominazione di Origine Controllata
("controlled place name")

Italy's designation for wine whose name, origin of grapes, grape varieties and other important factors are regulated by law

3

What is a Super Tuscan?

  • Any wine from Tuscany made in less traditional ways
  • More powerful than other Tuscan varieties
  • May include Sangiovese, Cabernet Sauvignon, and Merlot

4

What is a decanter?

A vessel that holds the decantation of a liquid (such as wine), which may contain sediment

  • Used to aerate wine, or to allow it to "breathe" - enhancing the overall aroma of the wine
  • Decantation is the method of separating the solids liquids that exist in one mixture

5

What is "distillation" of a wine?

  • The process of heating wine so the alcohol vaporizes and is collected to make a drink with higher alcoholic content
  • All distilled wines are known as "brandy," although the quality of brandy varies

6

What are "legs" when
describing a wine?

  • The syrupy lines that a wine leaves on the glass after being swirled
  • They have nothing to do with the quality of a wine
  • Heavier & thicker legs can indicate a higher alcohol and/or sugar content

7

What is the technical term for "the study of wine"?

Enology

8

What is a wine's "vintage" year?

The year in which at least 95% of its grapes were harvested (not the year in which the wine was bottled)

9

What is a wine's "finish"?

The lingering feeling in your mouth after you taste a wine

10

What does it mean to say that a wine is "hot"?

It has a high or unbalanced alcohol level, which may create a burning sensation as you swallow

11

What is a "magnum" when referring to wine?

The equivalent to two standard 750 ml bottles of wine, or 1.5 liters

12

What are a wine's "aroma"
and "bouquet"?

  • "Bouquet" refers to smells that originate from the wine-making
  • "Aroma" refers to smells originating from the grapes themselves

Amateurs often use the terms interchangeably

13

What type of wine is a Shiraz? 
(shee-RAZZ)

  • Red wine
  • Pair with meat
    (steak, beef, wild game, etc.)
  • Known as Syrah in France and the U.S., but Shiraz in Australia and South Africa

14

What type of wine is a Merlot?
 
(mer-loh)

  • Red wine
  • Easy-to-drink softness
  • A fine complement to any meal

15

What type of wine is a Cabernet Sauvignon? 
(cab-er-nay saw-vee-nyon)

  • Full-bodied red
  • Common variety
  • Best known in Napa Valley
  • Generally goes best with simply prepared red meats

16

What type of wine is a Malbec? 
(mahl-bek)

  • Red wine
  • Often blended with other varieties e.g., Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, and Petit Verdot to make Bordeaux-style wines
  • Goes well with any meat dish

17

What type of wine is a
Pinot Noir? 

(pee-noh nwahr)

  • Red wine
  • Pair with grilled salmon, chicken, or lamb

18

What type of wine is a Chardonnay? 
(shar-doh-nay)

  • White wine
  • Popular in the 1990s
  • Pair with fish or chicken dishes

19

What type of wine is a Barbera? 
(bar-BEAR-ah)

  • Red wine
  • Similar to Merlot
  • Goes well with many dishes, especially those with tomato sauce

20

What type of wine is a
Sauvignon Blanc?
(
saw-vee-nyon blahnk)

  • White wine
  • Pair with seafood, poultry, and salads

21

What type of wine is a Sémillon?
(seh-mee-yohn)

  • White wine
  • Pair with clams, mussels, or pasta salad

22

What type of wine is a Muscat?
(
MUHS-kat)

  • White wine
  • Best served on its own

23

What type of wine is a Sangiovese? 
(san-joe-VAE-sae)

  • Red wine
  • Made from the same grapes as Chianti
  • Generally bright colored and acidic

24

What type of wine is a Riesling?
 
(REESE-ling)

  • White wine
  • Often considered one of the finest wines
  • Pair with fish, chicken, pork dishes, and Thai food

25

What type of wine is a Gewürztraminer? 
(geh-VAIRTZ-trah-mee-ner)

  • White wine ideal for sipping
  • Pair with Asian food, pork, and grilled sausages

26

What type of wine is a
Pinot Grigio?
(
pee-noh GREE-joe)

  • White wine
  • Also called Pinot Gris
  • Varies from light & crisp to rich & spicy
  • Very versatile as a dinner wine

27

What type of wine is a
Petite Sirah? 

(peh-TEET sih-RAH)

  • Red wine made from a dark, tannic grape
  • Different from the bolder Syrah grape
  • Popular in California
  • Often blended with Zinfandel to give more density

28

What type of wine is a White Burgundy?

Chardonnay

29

What is the "hoppiness" of a beer?

A bitter flavor arising from the hop plant

Pale ales are generally the hoppiest beers available in the United States

30

What is the "fruitiness" of a beer?

A by-product of yeast fermentation in the brewing process

Most ales have some degree of fruity flavor, even though no actual fruit is used