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Flashcards in Wine Basics and Identification Deck (48)
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1

What are the three major types of wine?

  1. Red
  2. White
  3. Rosé

2

What are some of the top wine producing countries?

  • France
  • Italy
  • Spain
  • United States
  • Argentina
  • Australia
  • Chile
  • Germany
  • South Africa
  • Portugal
  • China

 

3

Why is red wine red?

It is a result of the grape skin's contact with the grape's juice during fermentation

4

What characteristics should the ideal red wine glass have?

  • Holds 10 to 22 ounces of liquid
  • Allows room to swirl your wine
  • Has enough surface area to allow the wine to breathe

5

At what temperature is red wine best served?

60-65 degrees Fahrenheit
(warmer than white wines)

6

What are the main varieties
of red wine?

  • Cabernet Sauvignon
  • Malbec
  • Merlot
  • Petit Sirah
  • Pinot Noir
  • Sangiovese
  • Shiraz/Syrah
  • Zinfandel

7

What are some common berry and fruit flavors used
to describe red wines?

  • blackberry
  • boysenberry
  • cherry
  • currant
  • fig
  • gooseberry
  • plum
  • raisin
  • raspberry
  • strawberry

8

What are some non-fruit flavors often detected in red wine?

  • cinnamon
  • clove
  • cocoa
  • coffee
  • mocha
  • pepper (black, white)

9

Where does white wine get its color?
 

  • From the grape juice and grape skin of green, gold, or yellowish colored grapes, or
  • From just the juice (not the skin) of select red grapes (as in some Champagnes)

10

What characteristics should the ideal white wine glass have?

  • Narrow
  • A sharp taper at the top of the glass to allow the drinker to enjoy the full aroma of the wine

11

At what temperature is white wine best served?

45-50 degrees Fahrenheit
(cooler than reds)

12

What are the "Big Eight"
white wines?

  1. Chardonnay
  2. Chenin Blanc
  3. Gewürztraminer
  4. Pinot Gris/Grigio
  5. Riesling
  6. Sauvignon Blanc
  7. Semillon
  8. Viognier

13

What are some common fruit flavors used to describe white wines?

  • apple
  • citrus
  • grapefruit
  • lemon
  • lime
  • melon
  • pear
  • pineapple

14

What are some non-fruit flavors often detected in white wine?

  • butter
  • earthy
  • floral
  • honey
  • herb

15

What is a varietal wine?

  • Must have at least 75% of one grape variety
  • The wine is then named after this grape with a capital initial
  • E.g., Chardonnay, Gewürztraminer

16

What is a non-varietal wine?

A blend of several types of grapes

17

Which white wines tend to be full bodied?

  • Oaked Chardonnay
  • Gewürztraminer*
  • Dry white wines
  • Wines aged either fully or partly in wood


*Can be vinified in a range of styles, depending on region/producer.

18

Which white wines tend to be medium bodied?

  • Sauvignon Blanc*
  • Riesling


*Can be vinified in a range of styles, depending on region/producer.

19

Which white wines tend to be lighter bodied?

  • Chablis (unoaked Chardonnay)
  • Pinot Grigio/Pinot Gris

20

Which red wines tend to be full bodied?

  • Cabernet Sauvignon
  • Malbec*


*Can be vinified in a range of styles, depending on region/producer.

 

21

Which red wines tend to be medium bodied?

  • Merlot
  • Shiraz*


*Can be vinified in a range of styles, depending on region/producer.

22

Which red wines tend to be
lighter bodied?

  • Chianti
  • Pinot Noir*


*Can be vinified in a range of styles, depending on region/producer.

23

Why is rosé blush-colored?

  • Red-skinned grapes are used
  • The skins are discarded in the middle of fermentation, rather than remaining throughout

24

What is tannin?

  • Naturally occurring preservative from grape skins, stems and seeds
  • Provides structure to the wine: not a taste, "puckering" sensation
  • More dominant in young red wines, often mellows over time

25

Name some common types
of red wine.

  • Cabernet Sauvignon
  • Merlot
  • Shiraz
  • Pinot Noir

26

Name some common types of white wine.

  • Chardonnay
  • Pinot Grigio
  • Riesling
  • Sauvignon Blanc

27

Name 3 common types
of fortified wines.

  1. Sherry
  2. Port
  3. Madeira

28

Name some common wine regions in France.

  • Bordeaux
  • Alsace
  • Champagne
  • Savoy
  • Bourgogne

29

What are some common champagne brands?

  • Dom Perignon
  • Moet and Chandon
  • Veuve Clicquot

30

What should you taste for in a Shiraz?

  • blackberries and black plum
  • gamey meat
  • black pepper