Flashcards in Why Was The National Party Victorious In 1948? Deck (6)
Who was the leader of the National Party in 1948?
Growth of Afrikaner nationalism
Idea of 'folk' (Afrikaans for 'people') with distinct identity
Society of white Afrikaner men 'Broederbond'
Christian, nationalist, republican outlook
Incl. religious institutions
Many opposed decision to go to war in 1939
Human rights internationally after WWII
Major powers increasingly articulated concern for universal human rights
War against fascism and legacy of holocaust
Smuts playing major role in UN and allied victory over fascism flirted with more liberal policies, NHS serve both black and white
Insecure whites threatened by developments, national party accuse Smuts of not controlling political danger of sexual relations
Smut's United Party won 49% but Westminster constituency system gave Malan opportunity
Results of election
Smuts won larger percentage but Malan with more National Party MPs formed govt and became PM