Whiskey Basics Flashcards Preview

General Alcohol Facts > Whiskey Basics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Whiskey Basics Deck (76)
Loading flashcards...
1

What is the difference between "whisky" and "whiskey"?

  • "Whisky": Spelling in Canada, Scotland, and Japan
  • "Whiskey": Spelling in the United States and Ireland

2

How is the age of a whiskey determined?

The age of a whiskey is the amount of time spent in the cask before bottling

3

What are the 6 types of American whiskey?

  1. Bourbon
  2. Rye
  3. Wheat
  4. Corn
  5. Tennessee
  6. Blended

4
What are the defining characteristics of the following type of whiskey?

Malt whiskey

  • Made from malted barley
  • Distilled in an onion-shaped pot still

5
What are the defining characteristics of the following type of whiskey?

Grain whiskey

  • Made from malted and unmalted barley
  • Uses other grains in addition to barley
  • Distilled in a Coffey still

6
What are the defining characteristics of the following type of whiskey?

Vatted malt whiskey

A blend of malt whiskies from various distilleries

7
What are the defining characteristics of the following type of whiskey?

Single malt whiskey

  • Malt whiskey from one distillery
  • Usually from several casks and years
  • Meant for the taster to get a well-rounded taste of the distillery
  • Commonly named after the distillery

8
What are the defining characteristics of the following type of whiskey?

Blended whiskey

  • Made from a combination of malt and grain whiskies
  • Usually a blend of whiskies from many distilleries

9
What are the defining characteristics of the following type of whiskey?

Cask strength whiskey

  • Rare
  • Bottled from a single cask
  • Undiluted by water

10
What are the defining characteristics of the following type of whiskey?

Bourbon

  • Mostly produced in Kentucky
  • Must be made in the USA
  • Must contain at least 51% corn
  • Must be stored for at least two years in new, charred oak casks
  • Cannot be distilled to more than 80% alcohol by volume

11
What are some popular brands of the following type of whiskey?

Bourbon

  • Jim Beam
  • Buffalo Trace
  • Van Winkle
  • Maker's Mark
  • Woodford Reserve
  • Wild Turkey

12
What are the defining characteristics of the following type of whiskey?

Tennessee whiskey

  • Must be produced in Tennessee
  • Always filtered with sugar-maple charcoal
  • Takes 10 days to filter

13
What are some popular brands of the following type of whiskey?

Tennessee whiskey

  • Jack Daniel's
  • George Dickel Whiskey

14
What are the defining characteristics of the following type of whiskey?

Rye whiskey

  • Usually blended with other whiskies to add character
  • Must be at least 51% rye
  • Distilled at less than 80% alcohol by volume
  • Stored in new charred oak casks for at least two years
  • Made in Indiana and Kentucky

15
What are some popular brands of the following type of whiskey?

Rye whiskey

  • Wild Turkey Straight Rye Whiskey
  • Rittenhouse Rye Whiskey
  • Van Winkle Family Reserve Rye 13 Year
  • Sazerac Rye Whiskey 18 year

16
What are the defining characteristics of the following type of whiskey?

Corn whiskey

  • Must be at least 80% corn
  • Does not have to be aged in wood
  • Has to be aged in either un-charred or used bourbon barrels
  • One of the harshest, cheapest whiskey types

17
What are some popular brands of the following type of whiskey?

Corn whiskey

  • Bush Pilot's
  • Shine On Georgia Moon

18

What are the four whiskey types common in Ireland?

  1. Single malt
  2. Single grain
  3. Pure pot still
  4. Blended

19
What are the defining characteristics of the following type of whiskey?

Irish whiskey

  • Uses barley as a main distilling ingredient
  • A mix of malted and unmalted grains
  • Contains grains distilled in a Coffey still
  • Distilled three times

20
What are some popular brands of the following type of whiskey?

Irish whiskey blends

  • Black Bush
  • Jameson
  • Bushmills Original
  • Inishowen
  • Locke's Blend

21
What are some popular brands of the following type of whiskey?

Irish pure pot still whiskeys

  • Green Spot
  • Jameson 15 Year Old Pot Still
  • Redbreast

22
What are some popular brands of the following type of whiskey?

Irish single malt whiskeys

  • Bushmills (10, 16, and 21 Years)
  • Connemara Peated Malt (Regular, Cask Strength, and 12 Years)
  • Locke's Single Malt (8 Year)
  • Tyrconnell

23
What is a popular brand of the following type of whiskey?

Irish single grain whiskeys

Greenore (8 and 10 Years)

24
What are the defining characteristics of the following type of whiskey?

Scotch whiskey

  • Must be distilled and matured in Scotland
  • Must mature in barrels not exceeding a 700 liter maximum
  • Must contain no additives other than water and spirit caramel to preserve the color
  • Must be distilled at less than 94.8% alcohol by volume

25

What are the 5 types of Scotch whiskey?

  1. Blended
  2. Single grain
  3. Single malt
  4. Single cask malt
  5. Vatted malt

26
What are the defining characteristics of the following type of whiskey?

Blended Scotch whisky

  • The majority of Scotch sold worldwide is blended
  • Averages about 80% grain and 20% malts
  • Can have up to 20 different malts in one whisky
  • Each blend has its own distinguished taste

27
What are the defining characteristics of the following type of whiskey?

Single grain Scotch whisky

  • Made from the whisky of one distillery
  • Contains unmalted barley, corn/wheat, water, and malted barley
  • Rare

28
What smells and flavors should you detect in the following whiskey?

Single malt scotch

  • peat
  • smoky
  • hints of oak
  • citrus
  • hints of maple sugar and tea

29
What are the defining characteristics of the following type of whiskey?

Single cask scotch whisky

  • Bottled from one cask
  • Very rare
  • Sometimes bottled without water dilution

30
What are the defining characteristics of the following type of whiskey?

Vatted malt scotch

  • Made exclusively from malted barley
  • Contains several malt whiskies
  • Never contains any grain whisky