Western Civilization Industrialization and Roman Romanticism Study Guide Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Western Civilization Industrialization and Roman Romanticism Study Guide Deck (52)
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1

It was widely believed that the _______ __________ began after ___

Industrial Revolution; 1750

2

Britain's emergence as teh first industrial power was aided by: _____ ______ _____, _____ _ _____ ready supply of domestic and colonial markets, and developed financial system.

rapid population growth; surplus of labor

3

The _____ ________ in Britain was largely inspired by _______ __________.

Industrial Revolution; aggressive entrepreneurs

4

_______ _________ invented the water frarme spinning machine.

Richard Arkwright

5

Britain's ______ ______ ______ was the first industry to industrialize.

Cotton textile industry

6

_____ was the power behind steam engines during the first ______ ________.

Coal; Industrial Revolution

7

In the late 1700's, Britain's ___ ______ imports ________ dramatically.

raw cotton; increased

8

Factory owners instituted a life of _____ _________ and the rigors of __________ ____ labor.

Harsh discipline; competitive wage

9

_________ ________ were the way to discipline very young boys and girls working in new _______ industries

Repeated beatings; British

10

Workers lost their means of production and could only sell their _____ for a wage as a result of _______________.

labor; Industrialization

11

The newly built _______ ______ held Britian's _____ __________ of 1851

Crystal Palace; Great Exhibition

12

To protect its __________ _______, Britain prohibited insutrail artisans from going abroad.

industrial monopoly

13

On the _________ _________, government played a ______ role in Continental industrialization.

European Continent; larger

14

By 1850, the ______ _____ and _______ ______ were closing the gap with Great Britain. Russia had not

United States; Western Europe

15

American Industrialization was a _______-______ endeavor because there was a _______ pool of unskilled laborers in the United States.

capital-intensive; larger

16

The ________ system ______ costs ad revolutionized production through labor-saving innovations inmanufacturing

American; reduced

17

The _________ population explosion was attributable to the disappearance of ______ from Western Europe.

European; famine

18

The ______ of the _______ crop in _______ resulted in the Great Hunger

failure; potato; Ireland

19

19.

19.

20

_____ _______ advocated modern sanitary reforms that resulted in Britains first Public Health Act.

Edwin Chadwick

21

The new industrial entrepreneurial class was mostly resourceful individuals with ______ ____ _______.

diverse social backgrounds

22

_____ labor in the Industrial Age did nothing to change traditional female working patterns

Women

23

The _______ _____ ____ of 1834 established workhouses where jobless poor people were forced to live

English Poor Act

24

The Industrial Revolution resulted in the: betterment of the middle classes, a ______ disparity between the ______ and the ______ classes in society, and eventually led to an overall _____ in purchasing power for the working class

increased; richest; poorest; increase

25

The ________ were artisans who destroyed industrial machines that destroyed their livelihood.

Luddites

26

Efforts at industrial reform in the 1830's and 1840's in _____ _______ did not achieve establishment of a ________ _____ of _____ ______ by 1847

Great Britain; national system of trade unions

27

Romanticism was characterized by:

-a strong, pantheistic worship of nature
-preoccupation with sentiment
-suffering
-self-sacrifice
-reverence for history that inspired nationalism
-a reaction to the excesses of the Industrial Revolution

28

______ ______ argued that historical events were largely determined by the deeds of ______ heroes who transformed society,

Thomas Carlyle; Romantic

29

The ________ ________ can be viewed as a reaction against the ___________'s preoccupation with reason

Romantic Movement; Enlightenment

30

______ was the most important form of Romantic literary expression

Poetry