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Flashcards in Week 4 Deck (19)
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1

What defines an authoritarian regime? (Linz)

-Limited pluralism
-Absence of an elaborate ideology used to guide regime
-Absence of political mobilization

2

Characteristics of a totalitarian regime

- Ambition to CHANGE HUMANS
- Totalitarian organization of all aspects
- Ideological indoctrination through organizations THOUGHT CONTROL
- Personality cult

3

What distinguishes the Brzezinski regime from older autocracies?

- Totalitarian ideology
- Single party committed to regime usually led by one man
- Fully developed secret police and the three kinds of monopolies

4

What are the three Brzezinski monopolies?

- Mass communication
- Operational weapons
- All organizations, including economic ones

5

François Furet on totalitarian regimes

Individuals deprived of political ties and subjected to the total power of an ideological party and its leader

6

What are the main differences among autocracies?
PluRiLeadLegTeSu

1. Extent of pluralism
2. Civil rights and rule of law
3. Nature, homogeneity, and discretion of leadership
4. Legitimization principle (tradition, religion, ideology, etc)
5. Use of repression/terror or clientelism
6. Popular support and mobilization

7

Why does authoritarian regimes keep institutions? (Gandhi)

- Information gathering
- Co-optation of critical sections of society
- Credible commitment to the interest of asset-holders (e.g. protect investments)
- Signaling
- Conflict resolution
- Turn de facto power into de cure power
- Dispersed responsibility

8

How to know who is threatening a dictator?

- A subset of society which actually support its authority
- Society as a whole -> can have mobilization

9

Three (Weberian) ways of legitimizing power

- Tradition
- Charisma
- Bureaucracy and reason

10

Legitimacy for authoritarian regimes

- Leaders NEED IT
Legitimization and subordination
OR
Repression and terror
OR
Redistribution and clientelism

11

Do authoritarian regimes lead to less redistribution, fewer public goods, and depress economic growth?

- Weaker enforcement of property rights
- Dictators as rent-maximizers
- "stationary bandit"

12

"Stationary bandit"

Whenever a self-interested actor with coercive power has a stable interest, is led to act in ways consistent with society's interest

13

Huntington's definition of revolution

Rapid, fundamental, and violent domestic change in dominant values and myths of a society (with its institutions and various parties)

14

Acemoglu on revolutions

Change on institutions to ensure future conditions

15

Class conflict as reason for revolution (approaches)

1. Depending on type of land property and capital distribution
2. (Skocpol) International uneven spread of capitalist economic development
3. Multi-class or religious coalition (failure of US-backed dictatorships)

16

Relative deprivation

- Poverty not driver of revolution
- Growing difference between reality and expectations

17

Modernization thesis

- State modernization prerequisite for revolution
- Technological and economic changes
- Economic, social and political developments
- Development of democracy

18

Lipset

Democracy may develop only in peaceful societies

19

Przeworski

- Transitions to democracy random
- Democratic consolidation determined by economic development