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What is Adair (1986) quote on a team

- A small group of people, with complementary skills, work together actively to achieve a common purpose for which they hold themselves collectively accountable (Adair 1986)

- Leadership
- Sharing
- Roles


What are the Non-Technical skills in team work

- Leadership

- Communication

- Situation Awareness

- Decision Making


Define leadership

- motivates, share info, prioritises, balance of authority and assertiveness


Define Communication

- encourages input from all, 2 way process, team needs to remain objective


Define Situational awareness

- notice relevant info, understands team roles, consider implications of situation and communicates


Define Decision making

- whole team involved, communicates reasons, reviews and considers implications for team


Name some Team Theories

- Belbin's Team roles

- Maslow Hierarchy of Needs

- Adair Leadership

- Myers-Briggs- Type Indicator

- McGregor X and Y

- Tuckman Group development

- Jung Colour


Brief explaination of Belbins Theory

- Thining, Action, People circles


Brief explaination of Myers Briggs

- Psycometric questionnaire

- How people perceive the world

- Extrovert, Introvert, Sensation, Intuition, Thinking


Brief explaination of the Tuckmann Model

- How teams are formed

- Forming
Team acquaints and establish ground rules

- Storming
Members start to communicate their feelings but still themselves as individuals

- Norming
People feel part of the team and realise that they can acheive work if they accept each others view point

- Performing
The team works in aopen and trusting atmosphere but hierachy is of little importance

- Adjourning
The team conducts an assessment of the year and implements a plan for transitioning roles


Brief discription of Jungs Colour

- Four quadrants of colour

- cool blue
-Fiery Red
-Sunshine yellow
- Earth green


Brief discription of Adair

- Task needs
Setting objectives, planning tasks, setting performance standards

- Individual needs
Coaching, counsilling, developing, motivating

- Group needs
Communication, Team building, motivation, discipline


Brief explanation of Maslows Hierarchy of Needs

- Triangle of needs

- Self actualisation

- Esteem needs

- Belongingness and love needs

- Safety needs

- Physiological needs


What are the 13 key points of the Maslows Hierarchy of Needs

- Self actualisation
Achieving ones potential, including creative activities

- Esteem Needs
prestige and feeling of accomplishment

- Belongingness and love needs
Intimate relationship, friends

-Safety needs
Security, Safety

- Physiological Needs
Food, water, warmth, rest


Brief discription of McGregor (1960) X and Y

Theory X

- Theory X

- More traditional, top down management

- Dislike work, try to avoid….need direct supervision

- Need coercement and direction to meet objectives

- Threat of punishment must exist within an organisation

- Can mean staff avoid responsibility

- Theory X assumes that people are lack ambition and their prime driving force is the desire for security

-Learnt from working environment


Brief discription of McGregor Theory X and Y

Theory Y

- Theory Y

- Staff are ambitious, keen to accept greater responsibility and exercise both self-control and direction.

- More committed, work towards objective (in the right conditions)

- Employees will exercise their imagination and creativity in their jobs if given the chance and this will give an opportunity for greater productivity.

- Several assumptions; accept and seek more responsibility


How does this apply to Paramedic Practise

- More practical, leadership can be taught

- Team task as 1 person can’t achieve it alone

- If team needs (think Maslow) not met – task will suffer = dissatisfaction

- If individual needs not met, team will suffer = task failure