Flashcards in Week 2.a - Values, Attitudes, and Diversity in the Workplace Deck (12)
What are Values?
our basic personal convictions/judgements about what is important in life that dictate our standards of behaviour
Why are values important in OB?
Values lay the foundation for the understanding of attitudes and motivation as they influence our perceptions, our attitudes and our behaviours
Studies have shown that when individual’s values align with organizational values, the results are positive. Individuals who have an accurate understanding of the job requirements and the organization’s values adjust better to their jobs, and have greater levels of satisfaction and organizational commitment.
Name two categories / types of Values
TERMINAL values (lifelong goals - a sense of accomplishment, self-respect,love)
(Means of achieving one’s terminal values)
- Logical, loving, courageous, ambitious
HOFSTEDE'S created a framework of 5 value dimensions to asses what?
the values of national cultures
HOFSTEDE'S five values were:
1) Power Distance
2) Individualism vs. Collectivisim
3) Femininity vs. Masculinity
4) Uncertainty avoidance
5) Long term orientation (thinking / planning / decision making) vs. short term orientation
What is an Attitude?
- an evaluation of of ideas, events, objects, or people. Attitudes are generally positive or negative
The 3 Components of Attitudes are
Cognitive (Thoughts) ; Affective (Feelings) and Behavioural (Actions)
What are 4 factors of Job Satisfation?
Dispositional / genetic component
OB looks at attidudes regarding these 3 key areas:
Job Satisfaction(Negative or Positive feelings) , Job Involvement (Identifying with and actively participating
) and Organizational Committment ( Identifying and maintaining membership)
2 key components for Managing Diversity in the Workplace
1 - COMMUNICATION (especially re: policies and the rational behind them)
2- EDUCATION (Addressing diversity issues through education to change attitudes)
Values and Perceptions are similar in that
Both are stable and thus very difficult to change