Week 2 Cardiovascular System 1 of 4 Flashcards Preview

SUM '20 - Health Assessment > Week 2 Cardiovascular System 1 of 4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week 2 Cardiovascular System 1 of 4 Deck (14)
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1

Anatomical landmarks:
Reference lines are:

Midsternal
Midclavicular
Vertebral
Anterior axillary
Posterior axillary
Midaxillary

2

Suprasternal notch located –

between the clavicles
Sternum

3

(Angle of Louis)

Manubriosternal angle

4

Costal angle – usually

90 degrees or less

5

contractility:

ventricles contract during systole

6

common diseases of the heart:

-Congestive heart failure
-Cardiomyopathy
-Arrhythmias
-Coronary artery disease
-Hypertension
-Rheumatic heart disease
-Bacterial endocarditis
-Congenital heart disease

7

Pain from pulmonary, intestinal, gallbladder, or musculoskeletal sources could cause what?

Chest pain

*Cardiac pain should be ruled out

8

Mumur-

-Mid-systolic click followed by a soft grade I murmur that crescendos up to S2
-High pitched

9

Mumur's are heard best at

apex or left sternal border

10

Different types of tachyarrhythmias:

-sinus tachy
-PSVT
-A.fib
-VTach

11

Fatigue and SOB common complaint with this arrhythmia

bradyarrhythmias

12

Bradyarrhythmias are:

-Normal aging process includes a decrease in heart rate.
-Heart Blocks
-Sinus Node Pathology
-Can lead to HF in the elderly and those with predisposed heart disease.

*can be med induced

13

bradyarrhythmias in the elderly may cause

confusion and/or syncope

14

heard on assessment: a Mid-systolic click followed by a soft sound that crescendos up to S2.

what would this be?

murmur