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Flashcards in Week 2 Deck (43)
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Cerumen

Ear wax

1

Counter irritant

An agent that produces superficial irritation to relieve another irritation

2

Cream

A semisolid preparation of oil, water, and a medical agent

3

Elixir

A hydro alcoholic liquid that contains sweeteners, flavoring, and a medical agent

4

Emulsion

A medical agent that consist of oily substances dispersed in an aqueous medium with an additive to stabilize the dispersion

5

Liniment

A medicine in an oily, soapy, or alcoholic vehicle to be rubbed on the skin to relieve pain or to act as a counter irritant

6

Ointment

A semisolid preparation that contains medical agents for application to the skin or eyes

7

Parenteral

Administration by a route other than the alimentary canal ( intramuscular, subcutaneous, intravenous).

8

Speculum

An instrument for dilating a body orifice or cavity to allow visual inspection

9

Suspension

A preparation of solid particles dispersed in a liquid but not dissolved in it

10

What avoids potential fatal errors

Medical administration

11

What can medical errors result in

Increased hospital stay, acute or chronic disease, patient death, loss of drug, legal consequences, loss of credentials, emotional consequences

12

Some causes of errors are

Lack of communication, lack of information about the patient and drug, unclear or missing labels, similar drug names and drugs, unsafe storage and preparation, unsafe delivery, mathematical errors, failure to follow the "Rights"

13

What are the Rights of medical administration

Medication, dosage, patient, route, time, documentation!!

14

Routes of administration are

Oral-PO, inhalation, intranasal-IN, topical, intra-arterial-IA, intra cardiac-IC, intradermal-ID, intramuscular-IM, intraperitoneal-IP, intra tracheal-IT, intrauterine-IU, intravenous-IV, via the rectum-PR, subcutaneous-SC SQ subq subcut subc

15

Oral dosage forms are usually

Tablet and capsule form

16

Oral liquids can be

Elixirs, suspensions, and emulsions

17

What is liquid that may separate and you must mix before use

Suspension

18

What is an oily liquid dispersed in a watery base and is stabilized with an additive

An emulsion

19

What is a hydro alcoholic liquid with flavoring and a medication

Elixir

20

Parenteral injection forms are located where

Outside the GI tract

21

Parenteral liquid can come in what form

Injections - Vials in Single or multi doses
Ampules
Bags
Or implants

22

An implant is

A sterile pellet containing a chemical or hormone that is injected into a particular area of the body

23

Topical forms

Liniments
Ointments
Drops
Powders
Aerosols

24

Instruments of administration are

Droppers, bottles with a nipple, or syringe

25

What are the types of syringes

Luer-lok, slip tip, eccentric tip, and catheter tip

26

The syringe consist of 5 parts what are they

Plunger
Hub
Needle
Barrel
Dead space

27

The hub, shaft, and bevel make up what part of a syringe?

The needle

28

ac is

Before meals

29

Ad lib is

As desired