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1

principle of communication 1) communication consists of a variety of nonverbal and verbal messages ,

these messages can be exchanged through different channels including face to face and computer mediated channels

2

Relationship types

-role relationship -interpersonal relationship -close relationship

3

principle of communication 4) communication varies in effectiveness examples?

A: The last time we went out was 3 months ago! B: You’re right, let’s go to the Purple Poppadum tonight! Versus… A: The last time we went out was 3 months ago! B: Yeah, isn’t it great we love being at home!

4

principle of relational communication 1) relationships emerge across ongoing interactions

relationships emerge from recurring episodic interactions with partners

5

principle of communication 2) communication is inevitable

"one cannot not communicate in face to face settings" Guerrero 2014 "Activity or inactivity, words or silence, all have message value.They influence others, and those others in turn cannot not respond to these and so are themselves communicating" (watzlawick et al 1967)

6

upward sloping course, or up and down trajectory?

principles of relational communication 5) relational communication follows both linear and nonlinear patterns

7

"relationship definitions "frame" or contextualise communication behaviour" Wilmot 1995

principle of relational communication 2) relationships contextualise messages

8

relationships emerge from recurring episodic interactions with partners

principle of relational communication 1) relationships emerge across ongoing interactions

9

principles of relational communication 5) relational communication follows both linear and nonlinear patterns

upward sloping course, or up and down trajectory?

10

1) relationships emerge across ongoing interactions 2)relationships contextualise messages 3)communication sends a variety of relational messages 4)relational communication is dynamic 5)relational communication follows both linear and nonlinear patterns

principles of relational communication (relational communication is a subset within interpersonal communication. So all six earlier principles apply, but also 5 more)

11

"one cannot not communicate in face to face settings" Guerrero 2014 "Activity or inactivity, words or silence, all have message value.They influence others, and those others in turn cannot not respond to these and so are themselves communicating" (watzlawick et al 1967)

principle of communication 2) communication is inevitable

12

-dominance/submission -level of intimacy -degree of similarity -task-social orientations -formality/ informality -degree of social composure - emotional arousal and activation (Burgoon and Hale 1984)

Principle of relational communication 3) communication sends a variety of relational messages e.g.

13

principles of interpersonal communication

1) consists of a variety of nonverbal and verbal messages 2)communication in inevitble 3)communication is used to fulfil goals 4)communication varies in effectiveness, with the most effective messages leading to a shared meaning between sender and reciever 5)every message contains both content and relational information 6)interpersonal communication can be symmetrical or asymmetrical

14

principle of relational communication 2) relationships contextualise messages

"relationship definitions "frame" or contextualise communication behaviour" Wilmot 1995

15

distinguishing characteristics of relationships

voluntary/ involuntary genetically related/ non-genetically related sexual/platonic romantic/ non-romantic male/ female/ masculine/ feminine

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principle of communication 6) interpersonal communication can be symmetrical or asymmetrical

communication can be received and reciprocated or received and rejected.

17

two people who share a degree of behavioural interdependence. usually interchangeable and not unique psychologically or behaviourally

Role relationship

18

Relationships and relational communication constantly change dialectic theory: highlighting contradictions in messages

principle of relational communication 4) relational communication is dynamic

19

principles of relational communication (relational communication is a subset within interpersonal communication. So all six earlier principles apply, but also 5 more)

1) relationships emerge across ongoing interactions 2)relationships contextualise messages 3)communication sends a variety of relational messages 4)relational communication is dynamic 5)relational communication follows both linear and nonlinear patterns

20

communication can be received and reciprocated or received and rejected.

principle of communication 6) interpersonal communication can be symmetrical or asymmetrical

21

Role relationship

two people who share a degree of behavioural interdependence. usually interchangeable and not unique psychologically or behaviourally

22

principle of communication 3) communication is to fulfil goals

-self presentational goals -relational goals (activity/relationship/advise based) -instrumental goals

23

principle of communication 5) every message contains both content and relational information

content information- information at literal level relational information- providing context for interpreting the message of a relationship

24

principle of relational communication 4) relational communication is dynamic

Relationships and relational communication constantly change dialectic theory: highlighting contradictions in messages

25

can influence one another, share repeated actions over time, have unique interaction patterns

Interpersonal relationship

26

these messages can be exchanged through different channels including face to face and computer mediated channels

principle of communication 1) communication consists of a variety of nonverbal and verbal messages ,

27

voluntary/ involuntary genetically related/ non-genetically related sexual/platonic romantic/ non-romantic male/ female/ masculine/ feminine

distinguishing characteristics of relationships

28

-self presentational goals -relational goals (activity/relationship/advise based) -instrumental goals

principle of communication 3) communication is to fulfil goals

29

content information- information at literal level relational information- providing context for interpreting the message of a relationship

principle of communication 5) every message contains both content and relational information

30

emotional attachment, need fulfilment, irreplaceability. Humans need fulfilment in close relationships, and have 3 most central needs. 1)affection: strengthens relationships, people feel better about selves and others 2)social inclusion: feeling part of group is crucial need. if not you feel lonely and have a low self esteem (Segrin 1998) 3) behavioural control- sharing control fairly- e.g. decisions (notion of scarcity, Cialdini, 2009)

why we need close relationships