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Flashcards in Week 1 Deck (20)
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1

What is meant by the term “adversarial system of trail”?

People are given the chance to defend themselves in court.

2

What is meant by the term “doctrine of binding precedent”?

Lower courts have to follow the precedents set in higher courts when dealing with similar cases.

3

Laws in the U.K. can be split into either..... or ..... these can also be referred to as...

Public and private. Also known as criminal or civil.

4

Private law (civil law) referees to which sort of cases?

Tort cases
Breach of contract
Property law etc

5

Criminal cases are references as R v smith (or similar), what does the R stand for?

Regina = Latin for queen

6

In civil law, cases are referred to as Smith V Jones (or similar), which surname denoted which side of the case?

1st. Claimant
2nd. Defendant

7

In civil cases, the burden of proof is based on the....................., not beyond all reasonable doubt as in criminal cases. The is means the burned of proof in civil cases is..... than in criminal cases.

The balance of probability (on balance, who do the courts believe the most).

The burden of profit in civil cases is lower than the burden of proof in criminal cases.

8

95% of criminal cases start in which court?

Magistrates court.

9

What is the criminal court structure in the U.K.?

Supreme Court
Court of appeal
High court
Crown court
Magistrates court/ county court

10

The high court of England is in which city?

London

11

How many jury members are there in the crown court?

12

12

The county court normally processes cases such as.....

Debt,
Not paying council tax,
Trivial matters

13

What does “ADR” stand for? And what is included within it?

Alternative dispute resolution.

1. Arbitration
2. Mediation
3. Conciliation
4. Tribunals

14

What is the purpose of ADR?

To take pressure of the court system.

15

How many judges does the Supreme Court have in the U.K.?

12, 3/12 are women

16

How many judges does the court of appeal have in the U.K.?

38, 9/38 are women

17

Murder, rape and manslaughter are all .... offenses. This means they are heard in the.... court.

Indictable which means they need to be heard in the crown court (after being processed through the mags ct)

18

Drink driving, urinating in public etc are all ..... offenses and as such are heard in the.... court,

Summary offenses and are heard in the magistrates court.

19

Civil cases are commences in either the .... or .... court.

County or High court.

20

Give a brief summary of the court procedure for civil cases?

1. Claims form completed.
2. Defence
3. Trail
4. Enforcing judgement