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Flashcards in week 1 Deck (24)
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1

diagnosis

describes multiple dimensions of the indiv from basic cellular to highest level of functioning in society

2

prognosis

determination of the predicted optimal level of improvement in function and the amount of time needed to reach that level of improvement

3

intervention

interactions btw therapist and pt to produce changes in the conditions that are consistent with the dx and px

4

outcomes

actual results of implementing the plan of care

5

functioning

body functions and structures, activities and participation

6

international classification of functioning, disability and health (IFC) model

scientific basis for understanding and measuring non-disease outcomes

common language

allows data to be compared across settings, countries, and cultures

7

IFC model: body structure and function

Impairment: significant deviation or loss of function

ligamentous integrity

strength

ROM

8

IFC model: activities

execution of a task or action

mobility ie changing body position

self care

9

IFC participation

involvement in a life situation

disability: limitation in activity and/or participation

10

Clinical outcomes must be...

validated by research

11

Only analyses of differences can be

experimental

12

retrospective

data already recorded

inquire about past events

13

prospective

data collected after research is initiated

14

only prospective data collection can be...

experimental

15

experimental research

variables are subject to manipulation by the investigator, Involves assignment to treatment status

16

observational research

investigators observe what occurs naturally 

ie in real world settings

treatment status is based on pt/system factors, not assigned

17

Randomized controlled trials

most rigorous experimental research design

useful only for intervention research

subjects randomly assigned (exposed to intervention or nah)

blinding of intervention

timing always prospective

18

cohort studies

most rigorous observational research design

naturally occuring groups

subjects classified by exposure status and then followed over time for outcome

timing may be prospective or retrospective

 

19

case-control studies

used when outcome is rare or unusual

subjects initially classified by outcome status'

not used for intervention or diagnosis research

useul for research about prognosis/etiology

always retrospective

20

cross sectional studies

exposure and outcome measured at same time

useful for prevalance studies

used in dx research

timing neither prospective or retrospective

 

21

systematic reviews

examine multiple primary studies addressing a specific clinical issue

powerful combined summary findings

22

intervention research

establishes efficacy or effectiveness as well as safety of an intervention

23

diagnosis research

validates a clinical diagnostic test against an establish "gold standard" for that dx

24

prognosis research

assesses demographic, behavioral, and clinical characteristics that predict disease or other outcomes of interest