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Flashcards in Week 1-4 Deck (68)
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1

What are some of the models of health

Flow model
Equilibrium model

2

Describe: Flow model of health

Emphasis on flow and balance
- the body contains pipes and tubes and nothing must block these
- if there is a blockage toxins can be released into the bloodstream
- purging is done to prevent blockages (enemas, urine, vomit, poo)

3

Describe: Equilibrium model of health

Emphasis is on maintaining a balance in the body
- Hot and cold balance
- Body fluids balance
- Humoral systems balance

4

Hot and Cold balance

Who avoid cold food postnatally and why

Puerto Rican women because they believe cold food will not allow their discharges to flow freely and may cause clots

5

In what cultures is a larger body weight and shape considered healthy, attractive, respectful?

- West African countries
- Jamaican

6

In the context of Health in a CDC

Define: illness

Is the individual's experience of being ill, sometimes when no disease can be found

7

In the context of Health in a CDC

Define: Sickness

Refers to the social response to being unwell (roles negotiated with society)

8

In the context of Health in a CDC

Define: Disease

Focuses on the pathological process of a health problem, deviation from biological norm

9

What are the 3 types of Healthcare categories in Kleinman's Tripartite Scheme 1978

1. Professional (e. Biomedicine, GP, Ayurveda, nurse)
2. Folk (eg. Faith healing, Sharman)
3. Popular (eg. Mother's care, friends, partner)

10

What are the 2 types of healthcare categories in O'Connor's theory 1995

- Conventional: Dominating systems according to country (eg. Biomedicine-USA, Accupuncture-China
- Vernacular: mother's care, relational, faith healers etc

11

What are the 5 types of healthcare categories in Wardell's theory (1972)

- Biomedical (drs, nurses)
- Adjunct (medical technicians)
- Limited (dentists, podiatrists)
- Marginals (chiro's)
- Quasi medical (quaks)

12

Define: Culture

Is the learned patterns of thought, action, understanding and history through which we engage and interact with the world and other people around us

13

Define: Ethnicity

Focus is on belonging to a social and cultural group based on common regional origins and cultural traditions (Hampton and Toombs 2013)

14

Define: Diversity

Can be in the form of
- gender
- culture
- class
- race
- religion
- sexuality

15

What are the 4 principles that underpin our multicultural policy

- Responsibility of all
- Respect for each person
- Fairness for each person
- Benefits for all

16

Define: Cultural Sensitivity

Is consciousness and understanding of the morals, standards and principles of a specific culture, society, ethnic group or race

17

Define: Cultural Competence

Is the ability necessary for professional health personnel to provide safe and effective health services to clients with different cultural contexts

18

What are the 5 elements of Cultural Competence

- Cultural awareness
- Cultural knowledge
- Cultural skills
- Cultural encounter
- Cultural desire

19

Explain: the 5 elements of cultural competence

Awareness- self examination of ones own culture, values and biases

Knowledge- process of seeking and obtaining a sound educational foundation about diverse cultural/ethnic groups

Skill- is the ability to collect relevant cultural data regarding the clients presenting problem as well as performing a culturally based physical assessment

Encounter- is the process that encourages the healthcare provider to directly engage in cross-cultural interactions

Desire- is the motivation of the healthcare provider to WANT to engage in the process of becoming culturally aware etc

20

Define: Integration

Maintaining own group values and beliefs, as well as those of the larger social context to an extent

21

Define: Assimilation

Non-dominant group does not maintain indenting and seeks daily interaction with other cultures

22

Define: Separation

Maintaining own culture and avoiding interaction with other cultures

23

Define: marginalisation

Contact with own and other cultures is avoided

24

Explain: assumptions and stereotyping

Stereotyping involves making assumptions about the characteristics of an individual, which are based on a standard, simplistic characterisation of their culture

25

What are the 6 elements for the House of Wellbeing

- Education and learning
- Employment
- Housing
- Sense of self/purpose
- Hope (floor)
- Opportunity (roof)

26

What were the significant historical events affecting aboriginal health

Pre colonisation
European settlement/invasion
Segregation
Assimilation
Integration
Self determination
Self management
Reconciliation/economic rationalisation
a new beginning (sorry)
stolen generation

27

Significant historical events and Policies affecting Aboriginal health

Explain: Pre-Colonisation

- originally lived in hunter gatherer societies
- lifestyle included physical activity, varied bush diet

28

Significant historical events and Policies affecting Aboriginal health

Explain: European settlement/invasion

- 1770 J. Cook claims east cost Australia
- 1788 first fleet lands in Port Jackson
- Post 1788 With continuing expansion of settlements, Aboriginal Australians were moved off their land and unable to be ‘hunters and gatherers’

29

Significant historical events and Policies affecting Aboriginal health- European settlement

Define: Terra Nullius

empty continent

30

Significant historical events and Policies affecting Aboriginal health- European settlement

The concept of land ownership was dependent on...

working the land