Week 1-4 Flashcards Preview

Health in a Culturally Diverse Community > Week 1-4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week 1-4 Deck (68)
Loading flashcards...

What are some of the models of health

Flow model
Equilibrium model


Describe: Flow model of health

Emphasis on flow and balance
- the body contains pipes and tubes and nothing must block these
- if there is a blockage toxins can be released into the bloodstream
- purging is done to prevent blockages (enemas, urine, vomit, poo)


Describe: Equilibrium model of health

Emphasis is on maintaining a balance in the body
- Hot and cold balance
- Body fluids balance
- Humoral systems balance


Hot and Cold balance

Who avoid cold food postnatally and why

Puerto Rican women because they believe cold food will not allow their discharges to flow freely and may cause clots


In what cultures is a larger body weight and shape considered healthy, attractive, respectful?

- West African countries
- Jamaican


In the context of Health in a CDC

Define: illness

Is the individual's experience of being ill, sometimes when no disease can be found


In the context of Health in a CDC

Define: Sickness

Refers to the social response to being unwell (roles negotiated with society)


In the context of Health in a CDC

Define: Disease

Focuses on the pathological process of a health problem, deviation from biological norm


What are the 3 types of Healthcare categories in Kleinman's Tripartite Scheme 1978

1. Professional (e. Biomedicine, GP, Ayurveda, nurse)
2. Folk (eg. Faith healing, Sharman)
3. Popular (eg. Mother's care, friends, partner)


What are the 2 types of healthcare categories in O'Connor's theory 1995

- Conventional: Dominating systems according to country (eg. Biomedicine-USA, Accupuncture-China
- Vernacular: mother's care, relational, faith healers etc


What are the 5 types of healthcare categories in Wardell's theory (1972)

- Biomedical (drs, nurses)
- Adjunct (medical technicians)
- Limited (dentists, podiatrists)
- Marginals (chiro's)
- Quasi medical (quaks)


Define: Culture

Is the learned patterns of thought, action, understanding and history through which we engage and interact with the world and other people around us


Define: Ethnicity

Focus is on belonging to a social and cultural group based on common regional origins and cultural traditions (Hampton and Toombs 2013)


Define: Diversity

Can be in the form of
- gender
- culture
- class
- race
- religion
- sexuality


What are the 4 principles that underpin our multicultural policy

- Responsibility of all
- Respect for each person
- Fairness for each person
- Benefits for all


Define: Cultural Sensitivity

Is consciousness and understanding of the morals, standards and principles of a specific culture, society, ethnic group or race


Define: Cultural Competence

Is the ability necessary for professional health personnel to provide safe and effective health services to clients with different cultural contexts


What are the 5 elements of Cultural Competence

- Cultural awareness
- Cultural knowledge
- Cultural skills
- Cultural encounter
- Cultural desire


Explain: the 5 elements of cultural competence

Awareness- self examination of ones own culture, values and biases

Knowledge- process of seeking and obtaining a sound educational foundation about diverse cultural/ethnic groups

Skill- is the ability to collect relevant cultural data regarding the clients presenting problem as well as performing a culturally based physical assessment

Encounter- is the process that encourages the healthcare provider to directly engage in cross-cultural interactions

Desire- is the motivation of the healthcare provider to WANT to engage in the process of becoming culturally aware etc


Define: Integration

Maintaining own group values and beliefs, as well as those of the larger social context to an extent


Define: Assimilation

Non-dominant group does not maintain indenting and seeks daily interaction with other cultures


Define: Separation

Maintaining own culture and avoiding interaction with other cultures


Define: marginalisation

Contact with own and other cultures is avoided


Explain: assumptions and stereotyping

Stereotyping involves making assumptions about the characteristics of an individual, which are based on a standard, simplistic characterisation of their culture


What are the 6 elements for the House of Wellbeing

- Education and learning
- Employment
- Housing
- Sense of self/purpose
- Hope (floor)
- Opportunity (roof)


What were the significant historical events affecting aboriginal health

Pre colonisation
European settlement/invasion
Self determination
Self management
Reconciliation/economic rationalisation
a new beginning (sorry)
stolen generation


Significant historical events and Policies affecting Aboriginal health

Explain: Pre-Colonisation

- originally lived in hunter gatherer societies
- lifestyle included physical activity, varied bush diet


Significant historical events and Policies affecting Aboriginal health

Explain: European settlement/invasion

- 1770 J. Cook claims east cost Australia
- 1788 first fleet lands in Port Jackson
- Post 1788 With continuing expansion of settlements, Aboriginal Australians were moved off their land and unable to be ‘hunters and gatherers’


Significant historical events and Policies affecting Aboriginal health- European settlement

Define: Terra Nullius

empty continent


Significant historical events and Policies affecting Aboriginal health- European settlement

The concept of land ownership was dependent on...

working the land