Flashcards in War Of Independence Deck (25)
Irish republican army
Group of assassins set up by Collins.
Surprise attacks and ambushes
Full time volunteers who moved from place to place and set up ambushes.
Black and tans
Ex BRITISH SOLDIERS
Ex ARMY OFFICERS
Ended the war on July 11th 1921.
January 21st Soloheadbeg two RIC killed. Without Dáil permission.
Royal Irish Constabulary
Government of Ireland Act 1920
Divided Ireland in two
Six Ulster counties, Home Rule Parliament in Belfast, James Craig PM.
Was supposed to have a Home Rule parliament in Dublin.
Treaty 11th July 1921
Truce between Britain and the IRA.
Led by Collins and Griffith went to agree to treaty terms. De Valera didn't go.
No partition and a republic.
Led by Lloyd George and Winston Churchill.
British delegation goals
For Ireland to remain in the British Commonwealth.
To maintain partition.
Ireland= Irish Free State
Not a republic
Part of British Commonwealth (Dominion Status)
TDs had to swear oath of loyalty to the king
Britain would have 3 ports:Cobh, Swilly and Berehaven
Boundary commision would have a neutral party plus one from NI and one from the IFS.
Governor General represented King in IFS.
WHO SIGNED TREATY
Collins did without consulting de Valera.
6th of December 1921.
Reaction to treaty
Split Sinn Féin and the IRA.
De Valera left the Dáil.
More independence than Home Rule.
'Stepping stone towards greater independence'
Best deal available.
Republicans couldn't swear oath
Easy for British to get involved in Irish affairs
Treaty Vote- Dáil
De Valera left January 7th 1922