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Flashcards in War Of Independence Deck (25)
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1

IRA

Irish republican army

2

The Squad

Group of assassins set up by Collins.

3

Guerrilla warfare

Surprise attacks and ambushes

4

Flying Columns

Full time volunteers who moved from place to place and set up ambushes.

5

Black and tans

Ex BRITISH SOLDIERS

6

Auxiliaries

Ex ARMY OFFICERS

7

Truce

Ended the war on July 11th 1921.

8

Began

January 21st Soloheadbeg two RIC killed. Without Dáil permission.

9

RIC

Royal Irish Constabulary

10

Government of Ireland Act 1920

Divided Ireland in two

11

Northern Ireland

Six Ulster counties, Home Rule Parliament in Belfast, James Craig PM.

12

Southern Ireland

Was supposed to have a Home Rule parliament in Dublin.

13

Treaty 11th July 1921

Truce between Britain and the IRA.

14

Irish Delegation

Led by Collins and Griffith went to agree to treaty terms. De Valera didn't go.

15

IRA GOALS

No partition and a republic.

16

British Delegation

Led by Lloyd George and Winston Churchill.

17

British delegation goals

For Ireland to remain in the British Commonwealth.
To maintain partition.

18

TREATY TERMS

Ireland= Irish Free State
Not a republic
Part of British Commonwealth (Dominion Status)
TDs had to swear oath of loyalty to the king
Britain would have 3 ports:Cobh, Swilly and Berehaven
Boundary commision would have a neutral party plus one from NI and one from the IFS.
Governor General represented King in IFS.

19

WHO SIGNED TREATY

Collins did without consulting de Valera.

20

Date signed

6th of December 1921.

21

Reaction to treaty

Split Sinn Féin and the IRA.
De Valera left the Dáil.

22

Treaty Pros

More independence than Home Rule.
'Stepping stone towards greater independence'
Best deal available.

23

Cons

Not republic
Republicans couldn't swear oath
Easy for British to get involved in Irish affairs

24

Treaty Vote- Dáil

Treaty won
De Valera left January 7th 1922

25

Who became president

Griffith