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Flashcards in Vet Nursing Final Deck (90)
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1

When a flap of skin is torn away but still attached, aka degloving injury

Avulsion

2

What are the 3 phases of healing?

Inflammatory, proliferative, maturation

3

Healing phase that begins immediately after injury, platelets aggregate forming blood clot, and macrophages and neutrophils begin removing bacteria

Inflammatory phase

4

The first 3-5 days after an injury are known as "lag phase" which occur during ______ phase

Inflammatory phase

5

Occurs when surgical incision or wound reopens, most like occurs within 3-5 days or the ______ phase

Dehiscense, inflammatory

6

This healing phase begins 2-3 days after injury and may continue for several weeks, overlaps inflammatory phase

Proliferative

7

When does granulation begin to fill a wound?

3-5 days after injury

8

Fibroblasts deposit ____ to strengthen the wound

collagen

9

Epithelialization begins ____ days over healthy granulation tissue

4-5 days

10

When does contraction of a wound begin?

Begins in 1 week

11

Phase begins at appx 3 weeks and can last weeks/months/years, collagen fibers form and fill the wound creating a scar

Maturation phse

12

What is primary or first intention healing?

Clean, minor wounds. Tissues can be pulled togethr and sutured or stapled with no complication

13

Wounds older than 6-8 hours, treated as an open wound and then closed surgically. Closure must occur before granulation appears

Delayed primary closure

14

Healing when a wound is left open and allowed to heal from the inner areas to outer surface, results in scar formation

Second-intention healing

15

Wound is left open for 3-5 days to allow granulation tissue to form and then surgically repaired.

Combination of 1st and 2nd intention healing, open healing followed by closure.

Third-intention healing

16

3 considerations for wound management

Cleansing, closing, covering

17

Chlorhexidine and povidine-iodine are ______ _____

surgical scrubs

18

Removal of necrotic tissue and foreign debris

Wound debridement

19

Penrose drain is a ____ drain that uses capillary action

Passive

20

Closed suction drain that works as wound vac is a ____ drain

Active drain

21

Blood sample that is low pressure and deoxygenated blood

Venous

22

Blood sample that is high pressure and oxygenated

Arterial

23

For venipuncture the needle is placed at a ____ degree angle just ____ to the vein

25 degree angle lateral to the vein

24

Peripheral capillary blood samples are used to check for blood parasites and are collected from ____ ___ and _____ _____

Marginal ear and nail trims

25

Arterial blood samples are collected from ____ artery or ____ artery

Femoral or dorsal metatarsal artery

26

Arterial blood samples are used to evaluate ____  ____ and _____ status

Acid base and respiratory

27

Collapsed lung caused that may be caused by pulmonary disease, scarring of lung, infections, tumors and foreign objects

Atelectasis

28

Rare disease, with flu-like symptoms, spread by contact with blood, urine, semen, milk and tissues

Canine brucellosis

29

Zoonotic disease spread via fecal/oral route

Campylobacter and salmonella

30

Disease spread via contact with infected urine

Leptospirosis