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Flashcards in Verbal Behavior Deck (45)
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1

Verbal Behavior

Bx that is R thru the mediation of another person's bx

Involves a social interaction btwn speakers and listeners, whereby speakers gain access to R and control their environment thru the bx of listeners

2

Formal Properties of Verbal Bx

The topography of the verbal response; i.e. form, structure

Examples: articulation, prosody, intonation, pitch, and emphasis

3

Functional Properties of Verbal Bx

The causes of the verbal response; i.e. Antecedents and consequences

4

Verbal Operant

The unit of analysis of verbal behavior which is the functional relation between a type of responding and the same independent variables that control nonverbal behavior:

A.) motivating variables
B.) discriminative stimuli
C.) consequences

5

Verbal Repertoire

A set of verbal operants emitted by a particular peson

6

Mand

an elementary verbal operant that is under the functional control of an MO and followed by specific reinforcement

7

Tact

an elementary verbal operant that consists of a non verbal SD that has PtPC and formal similarity with a verbal response

8

Echoic

an elementary verbal operant that consists of a verbal SD that has PtPC and formal similarity with the verbal response

9

Point-to-Point Correspondence

occurs between a stimulus and the evoked response when the beginning, middle and end of versbal stimulus matches the beginning, middle and end of the response

10

Formal Similarity

it occurs when the controling antecedent stimulus and the response share the same mode (e.g. both are visual, auditory, tactile) and physically resemble each other

11

Intraverbal

a verbal operant that is controlled by verbal SD that evokes a verbal response and NO point-to-point correspondance

12

Textual Relation

an elementary verbal operant involving a response that is evoked by a verbal SD that has P-T-P correspondance but not formal similarity between that stimulus and the response

13

Transcription Relation

an elementary verbal operant involving a spoken verbal stimulus that evokes a written, typed or finger-spelled response. There is p-t-p correspondance with the response product but no formal simialrity

14

Listener

someone who provides reinforcement for verbal bx. A listener may also serve as an audience evoking verbal bx

15

Speaker

someone who engages in verbal bx by emitting mands, tacts, intraverbals, autoclitics etc. also uses signs, gestures, codes, pictures etc

16

Elementary Verbal Operants

1.mand, 2.tact, 3.echoic, 4.intraverbal, 5.textual, 6.transcription

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Elementary Verbal Operants

1.mand, 2.tact, 3.echoic, 4.intraverbal, 5.textual, 6.transcription

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Audience

anyone who functions as an SD for evoking verbal behavior

19

Verbal Operants with PtPC

echoic, copying a text, imitation as it relates to sign language, transcription and textual

20

Verbal Operants with Formal Similarity

echoic, copying a text and imitation

21

Automatic Reinforcement

a type of conditioned R in which a response product has the R properties as a result of a specific conditioning history

22

Automatic Punishment

a type of conditioned P in which a response product has P properties as a result of a specific conditioning history

23

Generic Tact Extension

when a novel stimulus shares all the relevant or defining features of the original stimulus (e.g say car when see BMW and mazda)

24

Metaphorical Tact Extension

when a novel stimulus shares some but not all the relevant or features associated with the original stimulus (e.g two stimuli elicit similar responded behaviors)

25

Metonymical Tact Extension

a verbal response to novel SD that share none of the relevant features of the original stimulus configuration but some irrelevant but related feature has acquired stimulus control (e.g. saying car when showing a picture of garage)

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Solistic Tact Extension

when you tact an SD with the rong word, misuse of a word with a similar one

27

Public Accompaniment

when observable stimuli accompanies private stimuli (e.g. teach a child to say 'ough' when hitting on the table)


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Collateral Responses

publicly observable behavior that occurred by a private stimuli (e.g one holding head and crying and teach him to say 'I am in pain')


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Common Properties

involve a type of generalization in which private stimuli share some of the features of public stimuli

30

Response Reduction

a type of generalization in which kinethestic stimuli arising from movement and positions acquire control over verbal responses