Flashcards in venepuncture Deck (23)
List the equipment required for venepuncture
Patient's blood request forms and patient's notes
Blood sample tubes/ blood culture bottles
clean receptacle to put things in
single use torniquet
cotton wool and tape
What is done before initiating the procedure ?
Identify the patient
Explain procedure and gain consent
Ask about allergy to surgical tape
How should you introduce yourself?
give full name and post
What is the patient asked to identify them?
name, date of birth, first line of address
What should the patient's name D.O.B and hospital number be checked against?
lab request forms, wrist band, patient's notes
When gaining consent, what is it important to warn the patient of?
After gaining consent, what steps are taken before carrying out the procedure ?
put on gloves and apron
position arm and identify vein
Which part of the blood culture bottle requires disinfecting?
the rubber septum
How far above the site should the tourniquet be applied?
What should you say to the patient before you stick in the needle?
At what angle should the needle be inserted when using a butterfly device?
no more than 45 degrees
When do you know when to stop adnaving the needle when taking bood using a butterfly device?
can see flashback
How is the butterfly secured before blood is taken?
What two samples are obtained in a blood culture?
aerobic and anaerobic
What is the order of blood collection?
urea and electrolytes followed by full blood count
What should be done to mix samples?
When taking blood using a butterfly, what comes first? release of the tourniquet or removal of the needle ?
release tourniquet before removing the needle
After a venepuncture what should the site be checked for?
prolonged bleeding or haematoma
What should the patient be told to do after the procedure if they experience pain or swelling?
to tell as staff member
Where should a procedure be documented?
the patient's notes
What is the alternative to using a butterfly device when obtaining blood samples?
using a vacutainer device
When taking blood using a vacutainer device, at what angle should the needle be inserted?