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Flashcards in USA6 Deck (15)
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1

what are the 3 democratic factions with one feature for each?

-liberals, more left gov intervention/welfare
-conservatives, 'blue dogs' decreasing no
-moderates, accept capitalism compromise on welfare.

2

what are the 3 republican factions with one feature for each?

-social conservatives, antiabortion/ gay rights/immigration 'religious right'
-fiscal conservatives, low tax/free trade
-moderates, accept advancements, RHINOS

3

national organisation
state organisation

weak
strong

4

parties in decline (4)

-candidates selected through frontloading
-issue voting, growth interest groups
-not united
-party little control over candidate

5

parties renewal (4)

-nationalised election campaigns mean that parties only ones with funding
-polarisation of US, entrenched ideologies important
-increase partisanship, remains prominent
-hold a nomination role

6

what are the 5 voting factors?

-race
-age
-gender
-education
-religion

7

USA is a two party system? (6)

-use FPTP which encourages
-winner takes all nature of EC
-cooptation of 3rd party policies
-'broad church' ideology
-EC encourages two horse race
-federal nature of USA

8

USA not a two-party system? (4)

-organised on state basis argue that neither are truly 'one' party
-breath of both 'two' inaccurate
-third party vote share tripling 2016
-some state solidly one party

9

why are interest groups so significant? (6)

-frequent elections try and gain influence
-large no of access points
-federal nature, target change locally
-judicial recourse, supreme court
-political apathy shift issue base voting
-parties weak/fractious

10

3 factors effecting a interest groups significance?

-group finance
-membership
-expertise

11

what are the 4 tactics used to gain influence?

-legal methods
-congressional report cards and funding
-publicity and media
-protests and demonstrations

12

what are the three types of interest groups?

-policy groups
-professional groups
-single-issue groups (NRA)

13

what are interest groups 3 impacts on?

-scrutinising gov
-increasing representation
-encourage participation

14

interest groups influential ?(8)

-report to congress, committee
-cases to supreme court
-donate to super PAC's
-rate congressional politicians
-access points locally
-close relationships
-expert influence on issue

15

interest groups lacking in influence? (8)

-unusual for only one group
-supreme court decides cases
-campaign contributions limited
-supreme court base on constitution
-powers of incumbency, campaign no value
-checks and balances
-with access no is limited
-congress short election cycles.