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Flashcards in USA5 Deck (14)
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1

what is the electoral process?(7)

-announcement/invisible primary
-primary/caucuses
-national party conventions (front loading)
-the campaign
-election day
-electoral college
-inauguration

2

how does the electoral college work? (4)

-each state allocated ECV's, dependant on pop plus senators/representatives
-election day
-most votes get all ECV's
-need 270 ECV's to win

3

invisible primaries...
advantages (3)

disadvantages (2)

-enough support money
-range of candidates
-well scrutinised candidates

-all about raising money
-long cause apathy

4

primaries/caucuses...
advantages (4)


disadvantages (3)

-maintains federalism
-intra-party choice
-genuine party involvement
-more participation

-can be 'sabotaged'
-low turnout
-calendar effects, front-loading

5

national party conventions...
advantages (4)


disadvantages (2)

-formally announce party candidates
-engage party faithful
-poll 'bounce'
-TV national involvement

-candidates already known
-TV reduced

6

electoral college...
advantages (5)



disadvantages (5)

-small pop states important
-decisive outcome
-winner gain majority
-promotes two-party system
-works as founding fathers intended

-complex leads to apathy
-winner may not have majority
-winner takes all, not represented enough
-swing states overly powerful
-disadvantage 3rd parties

7

what are the 6 advantages to incumbency?

-name recognition
-fundraising
-gov control
-campaign experience
-presumed success
-risk aversion
-single candidate

8

what are the 3 main fundraising groups?

- 527 groups (unlimited, not specific cand)
-political action committees(PAC), hard limited money specific candidate
-super pacs, unlimited support/oppose but not part of that persons campaign

9

what is the 4 reasons finance reform is so hard?

-supreme court(citizens united v FEC)
-politicians
-loopholes constantly found
-federal election committee, gridlock

10

7 reasons for electoral reform?

-swing states to much importance
-electoral college outdated
-rouge voters
-winner takes all distorts will of voters
-'winner' doesn't always have majority
-third parties are ignored
-small states over-represented

11

what are the three types of electoral reform?

-abolish electoral college
-expand NPVIC
-apportion electors by district

12

reform for the states? 3 NO 1 YES


for the people? 2 NO 1 YES

-EC retains state power
-protects voice of small states
-ensures all areas of states have a role
-larger states unrepresented

-in line with constitution avoid tyranny
-two party system encourages
-popular vote not respected

13

reform for the president 1 NO 1 YES


for the constitution?

-decisive and accepted result
-encourages more attention on swing states

-electoral college does work
-constitution looks outdated

14

for state funding? 3 YES 2 NO

YES
-state pluralism
-fairer to third parties
-reduce public apathy
NO
-parties less reliant/responsive to voters
-challenge party independence