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Flashcards in USA1 Deck (21)
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1

What is the 1st comparative theory with the key word 'selfish'?
meaning a outcome has come from?

Rational

Self-interest, best for them

2

What is the 2nd comparative theory with the key phrase 'group and shared ideology'
e.g.?

cultural
UK governed culturally by conventions USA by sovereign entrenched constitution

3

What is the 3rd comparative theory with the key phrase 'institutions and processes'
e.g. ?

structural
party loyalty structure strong in the UK weak in USA

4

Constitution was written? ratified?
Has vague language because?
5 features?

1887, 1789
avoid outdated can be interpreted/adapted
-codified
-sovereign
-entrenched
-judicable
-federal

5

What are the 3 branches

What does the constitution give each set of branches?

-executive -president
-legislative- congress
-judicial- supreme court
enumerated powers

6

executive branch 5 enumerated powers?

-negotiates treaties
-reprieves and pardons
-veto legislation
-nominates federal justices
-commander-in-chief

7

legislative branch 5 enumerated powers?



judicial branch?

-collects taxes
-borrows money
-declares war
-regulates trade
-ratifies treaties/appointments

-judicial review

8

What is highlighted by the constitutional framework? (2)

-separation of powers
-checks and balances

9

where is the amendment process formally laid out?
what is the typical time limit to ratify? to avoid?

article V, entrenchment
7 years, 27th amendment 202 years

10

What is the amendment process?
1) proposal national level
2) ratification at state level

-2/3 both houses then 3/4 state legislature then 3/4 state constitutional conventions

11

Amendment process advantages? (4)

-works (27 amendments)
-endured time, protected principles
-bipartisanship, protect tyranny
-protects federalism

12

Amendment process disadvantages? (5)

-need super-majorities too difficult
-unelected supreme court gain to much
-allow tyranny of minority
-can't incorporate new ideas (out of date)
-bad amendments e.g. 18th repealed 14yr later

13

What are the 5 key principles of the constitution?

-separation of powers
-checks and balances
-bipartisanship
-limited government
-federalism (shared sovereignty)

14

what amendment protects the states?
states can control?(3)

what are the 4 factors affecting federal-state relationship?

10th amendment
-election practices
-local law
-regulate lives e.g. age of consent

-'necessary proper' federal growth 15 dep
-globalisation, terrorism/natural disasters federal has money
-state/federal law conflict federal wins
-'commerce' clause allows federal to regulate interstate commerce e.g.Obamacare

15

Strengths of the constitution? (6)

-vague, flexible for 21st centaury
-supreme court allows non-partisan interpretation
-amendment process significant change
-states largely independent
-federal gov protected against unquestioned power
-rights mainly protected

16

Weaknesses of the constitution? (5)

-interpretive amendments trample on state rights
-supreme court power unaccountable and unelected
-amendment prohibited necessary change
-federal gov wide unchecked power e.g. Obama Iran deal
-rights of citizens often conflict

17

Which features of the constitution shows... representative democracy ? (1)

liberal? (2)

pluralist ? (3)

-federalism (gov close)

-checks and balances (limited gov)
-bill of rights (protect minority)

-checks and balances ( bipartisanship)
-federalism (local beliefs into law)
-bill of rights (protect minority)

18

The US is federal ? (5)

-state decide/enforce laws
-supreme court rules in favour of states
-electoral practices vary and are developing
-appealing to supreme court not a right so state courts remain important
-political parties remain 'broad churches'

19

The US not federal? (4)

-growth of federal gov encroach on states
-electoral college big importance few states
-federal gov resources globalisation
-supreme court rules for federal gov

20

Principles
similarities (3)

differences (3)

-separation of powers (reforms 2005)
-divided gov (house of lords growth)
- checks and balances, supreme court

-c/b limited in UK due to fused exec and leg strong in US
-bipartisanship enforced in US, unnecessary in UK due to majority
-US gov limited separation of powers, UK 'elected dictatorship'

21

Federalism and devolution
similarities (3)

-reliant on grants from central gov
-national gov supremacy
- states/devolved notable diff in legislation

-law in US diff, UK centralised similar
-USA states sovereignty protected, UK rely on parliament
-UK limited supreme court resource, US challenge regularly.