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Flashcards in U.S. Army History Deck (74)
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1

What date was the Army flag dedicated?

14 June 1956 (it was approved 12 June 1956)

2

What is the oldest part of our Army?

The Army National Guard (In December 1636, the Massachusetts Bay Colony organized America’s first militia
regiments, some of which still serve today in the Army National Guard.)

3

When did the U.S. Army begin?

June 14, 1775

4

Who was the first commander in Chief of the Continental Army?

George Washington

5

When was the start of the Revolutionary War?

19 April, 1775

6

When was the Declaration of Independence signed?

July 04, 1776

7

The Army received it's first real training from what former Prussian Officer at Valley Forge in the winter of 1778?

Baron Fredreich von Steuben

8

What did Baron Fredriech von Steuben teach the Continental Army at Valley Forge?

He taught the Continental Army:
- A simplified but effective version of the drill formations and movements of European armies.
- Proper care of equipment.
- The use of the bayonet (a weapon in which British superiority had previously been marked).
- He impressed upon officers their responsibility for taking care of the soldiers.
- Taught NCOs how to train and lead those soldiers.

9

What is the name of the document that originally governed the United States and was later replaced by the "Constitution"?

The Articles of Confederation

10

The nation nearly doubled in 1803 when it purchased a huge expanse of territory from France in what became
known as what?

The Louisiana Purchase

11

Who was one of the most prolific writers of the early 19th century and would be the author of "The Army Regulations of 1821", the first written regulation by the Army since the publication of Baron von Steuben's "Blue Book"?

General Winfield Scott

12

What were some of the areas covered in "The Army Regulations of 1821".

- The Hand Salute
- How to conduct a march
- How to make a good stew for the company

13

What is the bloodiest war in American history?

The Civil War with the death of over 600,000 Americans on both sides.

14

When and where did the Civil War actually begin?

The Civil War being in April of 1861 when South Carolina militia forces fired on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor

15

The Union defeat at the First Battle of Bull Run showed the need for more what?

More thorough preparation and for more soldiers

16

President Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation on 22 September 1862 freed the slaves in any areas still under Confederate control as of what date?

01 January 1863

17

Congress authorized the creation of the Medal of Honor on what date?

12 July 1862

18

Who received the first Medal of Honor ever awarded?

Private Jacob Parrott, Company K, 33d Ohio Volunteer Infantry on 25 March 1863

19

The Battle of Gettysburg started on what date?

01 July 1863

20

General Lee surrendered his Army on what date, marking the end of the Civil War?

09 April, 1865

21

Who was the only female to receive the Medal of Honor?

Dr. Mary E. Walker

22

Congress declared war on Spain on what date?

25 April, 1898

23

When did World War I begin?

August 1914

24

What event sparked the start of World War I?

A Bosnian separatist murdered the Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary and his wife during a visit to
Sarajevo

25

On 23 February 1917 the British turned over to the US Government an intercepted note from the German foreign minister to the German ambassador in Mexico. In the note were instructions to offer Mexico an alliance in the event of war with the United States and promising that Mexico could regain what?

Texas, New Mexico and Arizona

26

On what date did President Wilson ask Congress to declare war on Germany?

02 April, 1917

27

The Armistice ended the fighting at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918. Known for many years as Armistice Day, what is it now called in the United States?

Veteran’s Day

28

One result of WW I was the creation of what International body roughly similar to the United Nations of today?

The League of Nations (it was envisioned as a forum where disputes could be settled peacefully)

29

On what date did the Japanese attack Pearl Harbor?

07 December 1941

30

The Women's Army Corps was created in what year?

1943