Flashcards in Urinary/repro anatomy Deck (80)
Funnel shaped area in the hilus
Cuplike extension that acts as a funnel to direct fluid into renal pelvis
Each nephron consists of a ____, ____, ___ and _____
renal corpuscle, proximal convoluted tubule, loop of henle, distal convoluted tubule
Where is the renal corpuscle located?
What filters blood in the first stage of urine production?
____ is composed of glomerulus surrounded by Bowman’s capsule
The PCT is a continuation of _____
The PCT is lined with?
cubiodal epithelial cells and brush border on the lumen side
When glomuluar filtrate passes through the PCT it is now called?
Loop of henle descends from the PCT into ____
At bottom of loop, epithelial cells flatten to ______ epithelial cells and lose their brush border
DCT from all nehprons in the kidney empty into ___
The DCT carry tubular filtrate through ____, empty into ____, and are the primary site of action of ____ and regulation of potassium and acid-base balance
medulla, renal pelvis, ADH
The renal artery enters the kidney at the ____
Glomerular capillaries filter some of the plasma out of blood and put it in the capsular space of ___________
Efferent glomerular arterioles divide to form the _______
The peritubular capillaries surrounds the rest of the ______, it's where ____ transfer to the cells of the nephron take place, tubular _____ and _____ also occurs here
nephron, oxygen, reabsorption, secretion
Peritubular capillaries converge to form ____, then larger veins, and finally the ______
venules, renal vein
The renal vein leaves the kidney at the hilus and joins the abdominal portion of the caudal ______
Ureters leave the kidney at the ____
T/F the nerve supply to the kidney is not required in order for the kidney to function
T/F the bladder is lined with transitional epithelium that stretches as the bladder becomes filled with urine
A spinal reflex returns a motor impulse to bladder muscles causing them to _____
The urethra is lined with?
T/F the female urethra is shorter and straighter than the long, curved male urethra
Increase of waste product in the blood
Increase of nitrogen in the blood
Increase of water intake