Urinary/repro anatomy Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Urinary/repro anatomy Deck (80)
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1

Funnel shaped area in the hilus

renal pelvis

2

Cuplike extension that acts as a funnel to direct fluid into renal pelvis

calyx

3

Each nephron consists of a ____, ____, ___ and _____

renal corpuscle, proximal convoluted tubule, loop of henle, distal convoluted tubule

4

Where is the renal corpuscle located?

renal cortex

5

What filters blood in the first stage of urine production?

renal corpuscle

6

____ is composed of glomerulus surrounded by Bowman’s capsule

renal corpuscle

7

The PCT is a continuation of _____

bowman's capsule

8

The PCT is lined with?

cubiodal epithelial cells and brush border on the lumen side

9

When glomuluar filtrate passes through the PCT it is now called?

tubular filtrate

10

Loop of henle descends from the PCT into ____

medulla

11

At bottom of loop, epithelial cells flatten to ______ epithelial cells and lose their brush border

simple squamous

12

DCT from all nehprons in the kidney empty into ___

collecting ducts

13

The DCT carry tubular filtrate through ____, empty into ____, and are the primary site of action of ____ and regulation of potassium and acid-base balance

medulla, renal pelvis, ADH

14

The renal artery enters the kidney at the ____

hilus

15

Glomerular capillaries filter some of the plasma out of blood and put it in the capsular space of ___________

bowman's capsule

16

 Efferent glomerular arterioles divide to form the _______

peritubular capillaries

17

The peritubular capillaries surrounds the rest of the ______, it's where ____ transfer to the cells of the nephron take place, tubular _____ and _____ also occurs here

nephron, oxygen, reabsorption, secretion

18

Peritubular capillaries converge to form ____, then larger veins, and finally the ______

venules, renal vein

19

The renal vein leaves the kidney at the hilus and joins the abdominal portion of the caudal ______

vena cava

20

Ureters leave the kidney at the ____

hilus

21

T/F the nerve supply to the kidney is not required in order for the kidney to function

true

22

T/F the bladder is lined with transitional epithelium that stretches as the bladder becomes filled with urine

true

23

A spinal reflex returns a motor impulse to bladder muscles causing them to _____

contract

24

The urethra is lined with?

transitional epithelium

25

T/F the female urethra is shorter and straighter than the long, curved male urethra

true

26

Increase of waste product in the blood

uremia

27

Increase of nitrogen in the blood

azoemia

28

Increase urination

polyuria

29

Increase of water intake

polydipsia

30

Stone in the bladder, urethra, or ureter

urolithiasis