Urinary Anatomy Flashcards Preview

Boards Chiro Essentials > Urinary Anatomy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Urinary Anatomy Deck (20)
Loading flashcards...
1

What is the embryological origin of the kidney?

The mesoderm

2

What are the 3 successive systems of kidney origin?

Pronephros, Mesonephros, Metanephros

3

Which kidney mesodermal system remains as the collecting duct?

The ureteric bud of the mesonephric duct

4

Which system does the secretory portion of the kidney develop from?

Metanephros

5

Where does the bladder arise from?

Urogenital sinus (endoderm)

6

What part of the bladder is mesoderm derivative?

Trigone

7

Which kidney sits lower? Why?

The right, due to the liver

8

What is contained in the hilum of the kidney?

Renal vein, renal artery, ureter

9

What covers the kidney?

Thin fibrous capsule, peri-renal fat, extraperitoneal/para-renal fat

10

What are the posterior relations of the kidney?

4 muscles - diaphragm, quadratus lumborum, psoas major, and transversus abdominus
3 nerves - subcostal, iliohypogastric and ilioinguinal nerves
2 vessels - subcostal vein/artery
1 bone - 12th rib, (11th on the left too)

11

What does the medulla of the kidney contain?

Pyramids, columns

12

What do the apex of the kidney pyramids open into?

Minor calyces

13

What do minor calyces open into?

Major calyces

14

Where do major calyces drain?

Renal pelvis

15

What is the renal artery a branch of?

The abdominal aorta

16

How many segmental branches does each renal artery have?

5 segmental branches

17

What arterioles are continuations of the segmental branches of the renal artery?

Interlobar, Arcuate, Interlobular, Afferent, Efferent

18

Which renal vein is shorter?

The right

19

What tributaries does the left renal vein receive?

Left adrenal vein
Left gonadal vein

20

What type of epithelium lines the ureter?

Transitional epithelium