Flashcards in Urinary Anatomy Deck (20)
What is the embryological origin of the kidney?
What are the 3 successive systems of kidney origin?
Pronephros, Mesonephros, Metanephros
Which kidney mesodermal system remains as the collecting duct?
The ureteric bud of the mesonephric duct
Which system does the secretory portion of the kidney develop from?
Where does the bladder arise from?
Urogenital sinus (endoderm)
What part of the bladder is mesoderm derivative?
Which kidney sits lower? Why?
The right, due to the liver
What is contained in the hilum of the kidney?
Renal vein, renal artery, ureter
What covers the kidney?
Thin fibrous capsule, peri-renal fat, extraperitoneal/para-renal fat
What are the posterior relations of the kidney?
4 muscles - diaphragm, quadratus lumborum, psoas major, and transversus abdominus
3 nerves - subcostal, iliohypogastric and ilioinguinal nerves
2 vessels - subcostal vein/artery
1 bone - 12th rib, (11th on the left too)
What does the medulla of the kidney contain?
What do the apex of the kidney pyramids open into?
What do minor calyces open into?
Where do major calyces drain?
What is the renal artery a branch of?
The abdominal aorta
How many segmental branches does each renal artery have?
5 segmental branches
What arterioles are continuations of the segmental branches of the renal artery?
Interlobar, Arcuate, Interlobular, Afferent, Efferent
Which renal vein is shorter?
What tributaries does the left renal vein receive?
Left adrenal vein
Left gonadal vein