Flashcards in Urinalysis Deck (160)
What is the single most important route of waste-product removal in the body
the urinary system
What does the urinary system remove?
urea, salt, water, other soluble waste products that are produced by the liver
The most important function of the kidney is to maintain _____ by manipulating the composition of the plasma.
What does the kidney control and balance?
acid base balance, fluid-electrolyte balances, and hormone production
Kidneys function to filter enough _____ and _____ out of the blood to equal the amount that is being put into it from other sources.
Kidneys are located?
The indentation on the kidney which connects to the renal pelvis and transmits the vessels, nerves, and ureter.
What type of epithelium has the ability to stretch?
Describe the size of a kidney.
2-2 1/2 lumbar vertebrae
The arterial vein and arteries branch off what artery?
What is the functional unit of a kidney?
By the time renal disease is detected, how much of the kidney is functioning?
1/4 of the kidney is functioning
What is located in the renal corpuscle (cortex) ? Pressure?
bowmann's capsule and glomerulus, low pressure
What is located in the medulla? Pressure?
loop of henle and the distal and proximal convoluted tubes, high pressure
T/F RBCs in urine is always normal.
T/F True protein in urine is not normal in urine.
What does glomerular filtrate turn into?
What facilitates the elimination of metabolic waste material from the body?
A urinalysis provides information regarding?
hydration status, renal functions or dysfunctions, systemic diseases, and toxicity
The kidney is surrounded by ____ which protects them.
How much of urine is water?
The other percentage of urine is what?
nitrogenous waste from protein breakdown, electrolytes, pigments, formed elements
What are the daily variations in urine volume and composition influenced by which must be considered when interpreting results?
eating, drinking, metabolism, and various diseases
Under normal circumstances the 24 hour urine volume is _____ml/kg of their body weight.
Increase in urine volume
No urine produced
A little bit of urine, low output of urine
Excessive frequent urination