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Flashcards in Urinalysis Deck (160)
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1

What is the single most important route of waste-product removal in the body

the urinary system

2

What does the urinary system remove?

urea, salt, water, other soluble waste products that are produced by the liver

3

The most important function of the kidney is to maintain _____ by manipulating the composition of the plasma.

homeostasis

4

What does the kidney control and balance?

acid base balance, fluid-electrolyte balances, and hormone production

5

Kidneys function to filter enough _____ and _____ out of the blood to equal the amount that is being put into it from other sources.

water, electrolytes

6

Kidneys are located?

retroperitoneal

7

The indentation on the kidney which connects to the renal pelvis and transmits the vessels, nerves, and ureter.

Hilus

8

What type of epithelium has the ability to stretch?

transitional epithelium

9

Describe the size of a kidney.

2-2 1/2 lumbar vertebrae

10

The arterial vein and arteries branch off what artery?

aorta

11

What is the functional unit of a kidney?

nephron

12

By the time renal disease is detected, how much of the kidney is functioning?

1/4 of the kidney is functioning

13

What is located in the renal corpuscle (cortex) ? Pressure?

bowmann's capsule and glomerulus, low pressure

14

What is located in the medulla? Pressure?

loop of henle and the distal and proximal convoluted tubes, high pressure

15

T/F RBCs in urine is always normal.

false-never

16

T/F True protein in urine is not normal in urine.

true

17

What does glomerular filtrate turn into?

tubular filtrate

18

What facilitates the elimination of metabolic waste material from the body?

urine

19

A urinalysis provides information regarding?

hydration status, renal functions or dysfunctions, systemic diseases, and toxicity

20

The kidney is surrounded by ____ which protects them.

fat

21

How much of urine is water?

95%

22

The other percentage of urine is what?

nitrogenous waste from protein breakdown, electrolytes, pigments, formed elements

23

What are the daily variations in urine volume and composition influenced by which must be considered when interpreting results?

eating, drinking, metabolism, and various diseases

24

Under normal circumstances the 24 hour urine volume is _____ml/kg of their body weight.

20-40

25

Increase in urine volume

polyuria(PU)

26

No urine produced

anuria

27

A little bit of urine, low output of urine

oliguria

28

Difficult urination

dysuria

29

Excessive frequent urination

pollakiuria

30

Increase in drinking

polydipsia