Unit 7 - Female Reproduction Case Studies Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 7 - Female Reproduction Case Studies Deck (7)
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1

what is menopause typically diagnosed by?

rise in circulating FSH

2

why doesn't ovulation occur in polycystic ovary syndrome?

no dominant follicle emerges, although multiple primordial follicles are present
-many cysts in ovaries may prevent maturation during follicular phase

3

what is PCOS characterized by?

-reduced estrogen by granulosa cells
-reduced progesterone by granulosa and thecal cells
-continued production of androgen by thecal cells throughout the cycle
-irregular/absent menses (have thin endometrial tissue)

4

what are treatments for PCOS?

-birth control (estrogen and progesterone) to restore menses
-Clomiphene to restore ovulation
-5-alpha-reductase inhibitors to block testosterone --> DHT
-weight loss to control abnormal blood glucoes and diminished insulin sensitivity

5

what is the "leading theory" for endometriosis?

retrograde menstruation

6

what is the most dangerous region for rupture during ectopic pregnancies?

interstitial area ruptures at 12-16 weeks gestation
-this is closest to the arteries, so there is a greater risk for massive hemorrhage

7

what are treatments for ectopic pregnancies?

-single doses, or series of methotrexate
-laparoscopy and salpingectomy

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