Flashcards in Unit 7 Deck (44)
What are the 5 responsibilities of government?
Organising the country's defence.
Preserving law and order
Organising services of the state, eg the police
What reveals that the PM can't sign off constitutional changes following a public referendum?
R (Miller) v Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union (2016)
Name 4 PM powers:
Appointment and dismissal of all cabinet ministers.
Negotiation of foreign and trade treaties.
Setting tone of economic policy alongside the Chancellor.
Control of troops once committed.
What event reveals that PM has to seek approval of Parliament (convention) before committing troops abroad?
What's a good quote about Thatcher?
Peter Hennessy - 'The Prime Ministers' - she "was not going to have faint hearts in the cabinet stopping her".
Why did even Blair/Thatcher find it useful to pull cabinet together?
1982 Falklands War + for joining US-led invasion of Iraq (2003)
Who was the Chancellor + Deputy that showed political instability of Thatcher?
Sir Geoffrey Howe
Results of the 1990 leadership election?
Thatcher got a majority of the vote, but needed 56 votes ahead of Hessletine to avoid another general election...could not achieve this.
How many seats did Blair lose in 2005?
When was the bombings?
When did Charles Clarke get sacked?
What did Tracey Crouvh say about collective ministerial responsibility?
"It is a fact of Government that ministers must adhere to collective responsibility...":
From her resignation letter, late 2018
When did Amber Rudd resign as Home Secretary?
Who were the windrush generation? How had they been treated by government?
They were African-Carribeans who came to Britain after WW2. Government wrongfully threatened them with deportation.
On what two occasions were collective responsibility suspended / partially suspended?
2010-2015 coalition government
2016 EU Referendun
What happened to collective cabinet responsibility in 2010-15?
Partially suspended. Lib Dems could disagree with Tories over trident.
2016 - suspended as ministers could disagree with The gov line of remain.
When did Boris Johnson resign as foreign secretary?
When did Michael Fallon and Damian Green resign? Why?
Fallon = sexual harassment allegations.
Damian Green = porn on work computer.
Give an example of something being presented to cabinet as a 'fait accompli' while Blair was PM.
Decisions regarding the construction of the Millennium Dome. Construction began in 1997.
When did May replace Cameron?
What is an example of a PM's agenda being passed through Parliament?
The Iraq War
When did John Major resign as party leader (but not PM)?
How many votes are required to trigger a leadership contest?
15% of Tory MPs in the 1922 committee
What kind of gov pre 1960s? What did this involve?
Cabinet government. PM seen merely as the 'first among equals' with the requirement to keep cabinet appeased.
Prime Ministerial government. PM expected to dominate. 'Sofa politics' the norm (policy determined by informal meetings with private advisors and presented to cabinet as a fait accompli).
What is the kind of gov 2010-now? What does this involve?
'Strong cabinet'. PM working hard to appease different factions to cling onto a majority in the HOC.
Using patronage (promotion and plenty of discussion).
Give an example of a PM being coerced by cabinet.
Cameron conceding to suspending collective responsibility for campaigning during the EU referendum.
When was the Coalition Agreement publicised?
How many Tory ministers were there during the coalition under the Agreement? How many Lib Dem?
Tory = 22
Lib Dem = 5
How many special advisers did Blair assemble?
By 2004, how many staff were there in the PM's office compared to Major?
PM's office had 190 staff by 2004 (compared to 130 under Major).
When was the Iraq War vote held? What was the outcome?
March 2003 - 412-149 votes to authorise.