Unit 4.2 Coronary heart disease, health issues, lifestyle and cancer Flashcards Preview

11B1 - AQA Biology Trilogy > Unit 4.2 Coronary heart disease, health issues, lifestyle and cancer > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 4.2 Coronary heart disease, health issues, lifestyle and cancer Deck (48)
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1

The state of physical and mental well being - what is being described?

health

2

Diseases can be communicable or...

non communicable

3

Communicable diseases are disease that

can spread

4

Communicable diseases are caused by

bacteria, virus and fungi

5

Communicable diseases are contagious or infectious what does this mean?

you can catch it/it can spread

6

Diseases that cannot spread from person to person are described as

non communicable diseases

7

non communicable diseases are caused by a pathogen? true or false?

false

8

A disease causing microbe

pathogen

9

A person with weakened immune system is vulnerable to

infection (a communicable disease)

10

Hepatitis virus can cause

liver cancer

11

HPV infection can cause

cervical cancer

12

Individuals suffering from physical healthy problems are at risk of

depression

13

Factors that can affect a persons health?

diet
stress
life situation

14

what is a risk factor for disease?

something that increases your chances of getting the disease

15

Risk factors guarantee you will get the disease - True or false?

FALSE

16

Risk factors for heart disease

diet
smoking
lack exercise
stress

17

In developed counteries non-communicable diseases are more common - why?

higher income - buy high fat food

18

In deprived areas what issues are there concerning health?

more likely to smoke
poor diet
less active

19

Smoking has been proven to cause which diseases?

cardiovascular, lung, lung cancer

20

Obesity has been directly linked to which disease?

type 2 diabetes

21

A diabetic struggles to control what in their body?

glucose

22

What hormone is released to control glucose levels?

insulin

23

Is it safe to smoke and drink during pregnancy?

NO

24

Exposure to radiation can increase the risk of developing...

cancer

25

chemicals which increase the risk of cancer are known as...?

carcinogens

26

Does a correlation between a risk factor and a disease PROVE it causes the disease?

NO - its just a correlation!!

27

How would a scientist PROVE a risk factor causes disease?

carry out experiments

28

Is it cheap or expensive to treat non communicable diseases?

very expensive

29

Uncontrolled cell growth is known as....?

tumour

30

Are all tumous cancerous?

no