Unit 4 - Nutrition (Teen Health 2) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 4 - Nutrition (Teen Health 2) Deck (32)
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1

Nutrients

Substances in foods that your body needs to grow, have energy, and stay health

2

Carbohydrates

The starches and sugars found in foods

3

Fiber

A complex carbohydrate that the body cannot break down or use for energy

4

Proteins

The nutrient group used to build and repair cells

5

Fats

Nutrients that promote normal growth, give you energy, and keep your skin healthy

6

Saturated Fats

Fats that are usually solid at room temperature

7

Unsaturated Fats

Fats that are usually liquid at room temperature

8

Cholesterol

The waxy, fat-like substance that the body uses to build cells and make other substances

9

Trans Fatty Acids

A kind of fat formed when hydrogen is added to vegetable oil during processing

10

Vitamins

Compounds that help to regulate body processes

11

Minerals

Substances your body uses to form healthy bones and teeth, keep blood healthy, and keep the heart and other organs working properly

12

Nutrition

The process of taking in food and using it for energy, growth, and good health

13

MyPyramid Food Guidance System

A guide for developing a healthful eating plan

14

Calorie

Unit of heat that measures the energy available in foods

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Nutrient Dense

Having a high amount of nutrients relative to the number of calories

16

Digestion

The process by which the body break down food into smaller pieces that can be absorbed by the blood and sent to each cell in your body

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Digestive System

The group of organs that work together to break down foods into substances that your cells can use

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Saliva

A digestive juice produced by the salivary glands in your mouth

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Enzyme

A substance that aids in the body's chemical reactions

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Small Intestine

A coiled tube from 20 to 23 feet long, in which about 90% of digestion takes place

21

Excretion

The process the body uses to get rid of waste

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Excretory System

The group of organs that work together to remove waste

23

Kidneys

Organs that remove waste material, including salts, from the blood

24

Colon

A tube 5 to 6 feet in length that plays a part in both digestion and excretion

25

Pancreas

A gland that helps the small intestine by producing pancreatic juice, a blend of enzymes that breaks down proteins, carbohydrates, and fats

26

Liver

A digestive gland that secretes a substance called bile, which helps to digest fats

27

Body Image

Th way you see your body

28

Body Mass Index (BMI)

A method for assessing your body size by taking your height and weight into account (it is inaccurate)

29

Eating Disorders

Extreme eating behaviors that can lead to serious illness or even death

30

Anorexia Nervosa

An eating disorder in which a person strongly fears gaining weight and starves him/herself

Decks in MS - Health Class (33):