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How many constituencies are there?



Who is Angela Crawley the MP for? How much of the vote did she win in 2017?

How much of the vote did the second place person win?

Lanark and Hamilton East. Won 33% of the vote in 2017 and got the seat.

Her closest rival got 32%.


How many seats did the Lib Dems win in 2017?

4 seats


How much of the vote did UKIP win in 2017? How many seats?

1.8% of the vote. 0% of the seats.


What was the total no. of 1st choice votes for Sadiq Kahn via SV?

After adding on his second choice votes, how much did he have?

44% of first choice votes

In the 2nd round, after adding on the second choice votes, he got 57% of the vote overall.


In the second round of voting, how much did Khan's closest rival get? What was his name? (And party)

Zac Goldsmith (Conservative) ended up getting only 43% of the vote.


Under what act has the no. of N.I members per constituency been reduced? From what number to what number?

Under the 'Assembly Members Act' (2016), now there are 5 members per constituency rather than 6.


In 2017 the DUP won how many seats with just 0.9% of the vote?



How many MSPs are elected vis the constituency vote? How many via the regionalist vote?

73 constituency; 56 regionalist


When did the SNP win an outright majority in Holyrood?



When was a referendum held on remaining in the European Community?



What's evidence that referendums don't always put issues to bed?

Over 60% of Scots voted to remain - now renewed calls for independence for Scotland to stay in the EU.

'Put it to the People' March in March 2019 had million people attend.


Who claims that for the AV vote, voters used Clegg's failed tuition fee promise to sway their decision?

Matthew Qvortrup (professor of political science)


Since which Act has the spending for referendums been limited (and to what for the Scottish Independence Ref)?

Since the Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act of 2000. The spending limit for both sides in 2014 was £1.5 million.


Under the Political Parties, Elections and Referendums (2000) act, who determines the wording of the referendum question to ensure it's not prejudiced to either side.

The Electoral Commission


When was an example of poor referendum wording?What did the question make no reference to?

2008, Manchester congestion charge referendum;

The question itself made no reference to the congestion charge...phrased in such a way to encourage a positive response.


What kind of parties does FPTP favour?

Parties that have concentrated support in certain areas - Labour in London + the North, Tories in the countryside. Parties with dispersed support win few seats. These include Lib Dems, UKIP and the Greens.


What are the positivies of FPTP?

+s: Candidate with most votes gets the seat - fair.

We had the chance to ditch it in 2011 - we didn't.

Always creates a one party gov because a majority is needed...stability (tho caveat = instability of Tories).

Difficult for extremists, e.g. the BNP to get a seat.


What are the negatives of FPTP?

Causes tactical voting, enabling the two party system.

Causes a 2-party system in general.

Leads to safe seats, e.g. Amersham and Chesham or up North.

Fails to guarantee a single party gov, e.g. 2010 coalition.


How does AV work?

Rank candidates 1,2,3. Whoever gets 50% or more of the vote wins. If this doesn't happen, last place candidate vote redistribution. Goes on until one candidate has over 50% of the vote.


Benefits of AV? Negatives?

Supporters say you won't end up with extremists - unlikely people would put down BNP as 2nd or 3rd choice (would do 1st).

But, ranking system gives political nerds the advantage, and there's not really a public will to change it.


Where is STV used?

Australian Senate / Northern Irish assembly.


How many constituents max via STV? How does STV work

Constituencies have max of 6 MPs.. Candidates are ranked in order of preference - there's a threshold of munimum votes to win. Threshold = electorate no. / no. of candidates + 1. If not all candidates meet threshold, 2nd pref votes redistributed. If still spaces remaining, last place candidate eliminated and their votes redistributed. Redistribution continues until enough candidates are in.


How does SV (supplementary vote) work?

Voters have a 1st and 2nd choice. If a candidate wins 50%+ of the first choice, they're elected. If this doesn't happen, top two candidates go into a second round and second choice votes are tallied.


What type of government will you always get with STV?

What act lowered the number of assembly members per constituency in Northern Ireland? By how much?

Coalition gov.

'Assembly Members Act' of 2016 lowered it from 6 members to 5.


Why does Ireland have STV?

Huge divisions between protestant Unionists and Catholic Republicans.


How many votes does AMS give people? Under what systems are they tallied?

2 votes. First under FPTP, second under a proportional regional list system. Voters don't have to tactically vote here.


How can party leaders through regional party list reward / punish candidates?

The extra seats in Hollyrood under the regional list system depend on who's at the top of the party list - and party leaders can change the order.


How does the regional vote work in Scotland?

Using the more proportional 'D'Hont' method to allocate seats.


What is AMS supposed to stop?

Party domination.