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Flashcards in Unit 3C Deck (55)
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31

What was the founding fathers vision of the constitution?

-congress most powerful branch
-"United" states > Federalism
-Limited executive
-Enshrined rights
-Effective separation of powers

32

What is a key Veto example?

9/11 victims bill

33

What are some key treaty examples?

-UN arms trade treaty (Obama)
-NAFTA (Clinton)

34

What are some key President war powers examples?

-Bush soldiers in Iraq
-Reagan libya in air
-Trump Syria anti gas attacks

35

What are some key pardon examples?

-Chelsea Manning
-Nixon
-Libby (GWB + Trump)
-Arpaio (Trump)

36

Where are some places power lies in congress?

-Party leadership
-Committees
-Caucuses
-House rules ctee > money from every PG

37

Why do Presidents pardon?

-Political gain
-Self interest
-Justice
-Limit power of courts

38

Why are pardons significant?

-Unlimited power
-Political interests
-Justice served

39

Why are pardons insignificant?

-Rarely used
-Meant to check court power, often doesn't

40

How do PG's connect with the USSC?

-Bringing case + amicus briefs
-Protests
-Appointment pressure

41

How do PG's influence the Senate?

-Lobbying
-Via states
-Committees (Iron triangles)

42

Why do PG's target the Senate?

-Easier to influence
-Legislative power
-Exclusive powers (Appointments, foreign policy)

43

What influences congresspeoples votes?

-Constituents
-Party and policy
-Lobbyists

44

What is some evidence of party decline?

-Primaries (in selection)
-Limits on funding
-Pressure groups

45

What is some party renewal evidence?

-Control over nominations
-Party structure/leadership
-Fundraising involvement
-Control of political agenda

46

Who are some key Republican supporters?

-White southerners
-Rural voters
-Religious voters
-White males
-High income professionals

47

Who are some key Democratic supporters?

-Low income working class
-LGBT community
-Latinos
-Unmarried women
-African Americans

48

What are some barriers to Minor parties?

-Electoral system
-Ballot access rules
-Limited funding
-Lack of media coverage

49

What are some anti Affirmative action arguments?

-Reverse discrimination
-Lower standards/motivation
-Prevents truly colour blind society
-Undermines minority achievements

50

What are some pro affirmative action arguments?

-Promotes diversity
-Levels the playing field
-Breaks down stereotypes
-Compensation

51

What are some alternatives to affirmative action?

-Abolition
-Class/income based
-Cultural reforms
-Reparations

52

What is the significance of latinos in elections?

-over 10% of electorate
-43% increase from 200 to 2010

53

What are some factors in PG success?

-Size
-Membership size
-Close ties
-Support area to political parties

54

Who funded Brown vs Board?

NAACP

55

Who are a large PG?

AARP 35 million members