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Flashcards in Unit 3C Deck (55)
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1

What are some checks on the legislature by the executive?

-Veto
-President can suggest bills
-Pres. can call a special session of congress
-Commander in chief

2

What are some checks on the executive by the legislature?

-Confirm appointments
-Declare war
-Impeach president
-Power of purse
-Overturn veto
-Ratify treaty

3

what are some checks on the judiciary by the legislature?

-Senate approves appointments
-Impeach judges
-Add to lower courts
-Change number of judges
-Create more justices

4

What are some checks on the judiciary by the executive?

-Pardons
-Choose judges

5

What are some checks on the legislature by the judiciary?

-Supreme court can rule act unconstitutional
-SC can issue/deny warrants
-SC can rule against executive/congress
-Congress cannot overrule SC decisions

6

What are some checks on the executive by the judiciary?

-SC can vote against executive bills
-SC interprets congress' laws

7

What is judicial activism?

Overturning elected officials

8

Why is judicial activism controversial?

-Unelected/unnaccountable
-Ideologically skewed
-Long lasting/hard to undo

9

What are some weaknesses of the USSC?

-Only a reactive body
-No powers of implementation
-Adherence to constitution
-Can be overruled/impeached

10

What are some strengths of the USSC?

-Marbury vs madison
-Interpretative amendment
-No longer reactive

11

What are some roberts court judicial activism examples

-Elections:
+CU vs FEC
+Shelby county vs holder

-Guns:
+DC vs heller
+macdonald vs chicago

-States:
Obergefell
Sebellius

-National security
+Hamdi vs rumsfeld

12

What are the purpose of national conventions?

-Nominee
-Vice president
-Policy

13

What are the new purposes of a national convention

-Poll bounce
-Party unity
-Attention

14

Why are midterms uncompetitive?

-Name/recognition
-Money/resources
-Gerrymandering
(1994/2010/2006 incumbency not effective)

15

Why are midterms important?

-Presidential power
-Policy (gridlock)
-Representative "referendum on president"

16

What are the biggest divisions between parties?

-Immigration (dreamers)
-Healthcare(Passed in 2010, introduced in 2014)
-Budget(debt ceiling)

17

What are some traditional GOP and Trump overlapping policies?

-Economy/tax cuts
-Law + order
-National security
-Social conservatism (abortion, military)

18

What are some divisions within the democratic party?

-CPC vs sanders, identity politics
-Economic radicalisation
-Foreign policy

19

Why are some pressure groups more successful than others?

-Resources/membership
-Connections
-Circumstances

20

What affects the presidents ability to influence the USSC?

-Very little power
-Nominations (some influence)
-Politicisation

21

What are some factors in nomination choice?

-Ideology/philosophy
-Certainty
-Representation
-Senate

22

Why are nominations controversial?

-High stakes
-Increasingly ideological
-Politicised process

23

Why is the appointments process criticised?

-Too ideological
-Too politicised
-Outside influence

24

What should a cabinet represent?

-Social/racial makeup
-range of political views
-Experience

25

Who did Obama keep from the GOP?

-Treasury sec.
-Defense sec.

26

What are the powers of the cabinet?

-Running a department
-Influencing the President
-Representative

27

What are the powers of the EXOP?

-Run the executive office
-More important than the cabinet
-Unseen

28

What are some examples of the constitution being too inflexible?

-Guns
-Free speech
-10th amendment (rights given to people and states)
-Gridlock

29

What are some examples of constitution being too adaptable?

-"crisis" presidential power
-Creeping growth of judicial power
-Politicisation of congress
-Decrease in federal power

30

What is evidence the constitution's flexibility is just right?

-It has worked for years
-Periods of change "crisis"
-Some controversial policies haven't been allowed