Unit 3 - Physical Activity and Fitness (Teen Health 2) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 3 - Physical Activity and Fitness (Teen Health 2) Deck (40)
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1

Physical Activity

Any movement that makes your body use extra energy

2

Fitness

Being able to handle physical work and play each day without getting overly tired

3

Exercise

Planned physical activity done regularly to build or maintain one's fitness

4

Endurance

The ability to perform difficult physical activity without getting overly tired

5

Muscle Endurance

The ability of a muscle to repeatedly use force over a period of time

6

Cardiovascular Endurance

The measure of how well your heart and lungs work during moderate to vigorous physical activity or exercise

7

Strength

The ability of your muscles to use force

8

Flexibility

The ability to move joints fully and easily through a full range of motion

9

Body Composition

The proportions of fat, bone, muscle, and fluid that make up body weight

10

Aerobic Exercise

Rhythmic, moderate to vigorous activity that uses large amounts of oxygen and works the heart and lungs

11

Anaerobic Exercise

Intense physical activity that builds muscle but does not use large amounts of oxygen

12

Skeletal System

Framework of bones and other tissues that supports the body

13

Joints

The places where two or more bones meet

14

Tendons

A type of connecting tissue that joins muscles to bone and muscles to muscles

15

Ligaments

A type of connecting tissue that holds bones to other bones at the joint

16

Cartilage

Strong, flexible tissue that allows joints to move easily, cushions bones, and supports soft tissues

17

Muscular System

Tissues that move parts of the body and control the organs

18

Circulatory System

Group of organs and tissues that act as transfer stations carrying needed materials to cells and removing their waste products

19

Arteries

Blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart and to various parts of the body

20

Veins

Blood vessels that carry blood from all parts of the body back to the heart

21

Capillaries

Tiny blood vessels that carry blood to and from almost all body cells and connect arteries and veins

22

Pulmonary Circulation

When blood travels from the heart, through the lungs, and back to the heart

23

Systemic Circulation

When oxygen-rich blood travels to all body tissues except the lungs

24

Blood Pressure

The force of the blood pushing against the walls of the blood vessels

25

Plasma

The yellowish, watery part of blood

26

Warm-up

Gentle exercises that get heart muscles ready for moderate to vigorous exercises

27

Cooldown

Gentle exercises that let the body adjust to ending a workout

28

FITT

Frequency, Intensity, Time, Type

29

Frequency

The number of days you workout each week

30

Intensity

How much energy you use when you work out

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