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Flashcards in Unit 3 Exam Deck (86)
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Absolutist deviance

someone who sees things as absolute.
(i.e., once something is wrong, it is wrong. very cut and dry, black and white.)


Statistical deviance

rarity of the occurrence of deviance happening. Looking at the likelihood of something happening.

(i.e., 1000 or 3/100,000 murders a year by guns.)


Deviance causes ___?

harm; not all deviance behaviors are criminal, all criminal behavior is deviant, but not all deviance is criminal.
(i.e., Martin Luther King marching...civil disobedience...
Looking at Gay/Straight guys calling one another names)


Deviance is ___?

criminal; its all about context
(looking at drinking in the football parking lots- Muir drinking for a softball game or thousands drinking with kids around for a football game.)


Deviance is also ___?

relative; what may be deviant for 18 y/o's may not be deviant for 21 y/o's.
What may be deviant for men, may not be deviant for women, vice versa.


Types of deviance we study:

drugs and alcohol


Explanations of Social Problems-Alternative deviant

Lombroso and criminals are atavistic

Hooton and body type is key(looking at extra chromosome)

Bylinski and brain abnormalities

Lorenz and Human vs.Animal inhibitory behavior

BF Skinner and frustration aggression theory


Lombroso and criminals are atavistic

Positivist perspective, studied criminals and how their offspring will be criminal too.

Atavistic- if your parents are criminals, you will be too.


Hooton and body type is key

positivist (world is measurable)

Biological determinism- looking at how our biological behavior is already predetermined.

Studied criminals and atavistic behavior.

Short men/women produced sex crimes and Tall men/women murder...This cannot be true due to the generalization, we cannot generalize a population in this way.


Bylinski and brain abnormalities

Looking at brains and how deviant behavior can correlate with brain abnormalities.

Insane people will not know that they are insane, thus this is why we look. Non-insane people say they are insane.


Lorenz Humans vs. Animals inhibitory behavior

Animals exhibit inhibitory bevahior (the four F's fuck, fear, fight or flight) - Looking at adrenaline levels.


BF Skinner and frustration- aggression theory

a stimulus response, you are reacting to a stimulus

Frustration Aggression Theory- suggests that w tend to lash out at people who re close to us. (i.e., number 1 killer of black men is black men, and number 1 killer of white men is white men.)


Strain Theory

most closely related to Functionalist theory, looking at a strain within the system and how specific institutions are effected.


Goal-means gap

the closer together the goals and the means are, the lower probability for deviance, but when goals are further apart, the increase of deviance


Illegitimate opportunity

Not doing something because we are morally driven not to
(i.e., not taking a computer off of a library table abandoned, or taking a dog out of a car because the owner is gone.)


Control theory

closely related to conflict theory.
Looking at social forces that are controlling our behavior

Best example is Law and Morals


Social bond and self control

socially conditioning us to have self control


Re-integrative shaming

re-integrating people back into society after they have done something bad.

(bumper sticker that says, "this person is a convicted drunk driver")


Learning theory

closely related to symbolic interactionism, looking at how people use symbols or actions to learn how to act


Differential association

associating with different groups throughout the day, association may be deviant in different groups
(i.e., working at a fast food restaurant and then going out to work as a stripper.)


Differential reinforcement

our behavior is reinforced and modified in different ways and social contexts.

Looking at Bobo the Clown and how children are learning to act when watching or being told to do something.


Which theoretical perspective is most closely related to control theory?
B Functionalism
C Conflict
D Chaos

C Conflict


Labeling and stickiness of labels

Those who have power have the ability to label those not in power as deviant- and some embrace the stickiness of the labeling.

(i.e., when a gang member puts a teardrop on their face.)


Audience and Deviance acts:

we need audiences to add moral meaning to an act, it helps us state if the behavior is deviant or not.


Deviant behavior is___?

learned, nurturing act


Deviant acts ___?

happen in small groups; if a large group did something, it would be considered a norm.


Drives and motives for deviant acts?

Money, adrenaline rushes...


Deviance defies norms as?

favorable/unfavorable acts

favorable must outweigh the unfavorable acts- the reason we do something is because..?


Deviance and association:

Sociopaths v. Psychopaths


Race is a____?

social construct