Flashcards in Unit 3 Deck (48)
How many seats do the Tories currently have?
Give 4 basic elements of the Tory party
- Low taxes
- Unified Britain
- Obsessed with local economies
- Mixed on EU membership
Give 3 basic elements of the Labour Party.
Give 2 for the Lib Dems.
- High taxes to invest in public services.
- Raise the minimum wage.
- Support the living wage.
LD: Have demanded more Mental Health awareness. Believe in justice - helping out the vulnerable.
Give 2 aspects of the Greens. 4 of the SNP. 2 of UKIP.
Greens: Anti Austerity + taking better care of planet.
SNP: Anti-austerity, opposed to Trident, leave the UK, lefty/nationalist.
UKIP: Seriously reduce the number of immigrants from abroad + leave the EU.
Does the SNP support Trident?
No, they favour the cancellation of it.
Which party refused short money in 2015?
How many seats do the Tories currently have?
How many seats do the Green Party currently have?
Seats for SNP?
Change UK - The Independent Group? (+ leader)?
SNP = 35
DUP = 10
Sinn Fein = 7, Mary Lou McDonald
UKIP = 0
Change UK = 11, Chuka Umunna
What's an example of a policy commitment that the Tories carried out in their manifesto after getting a mandate?
What's an example of a doctor's mandate?
The EU referendum in 2016.
Government deciding exact details of Brexit deal.
Give some examples of manifesto promises by Jeremy Corbyn in 2017?
Abolish uni tuition fees ; charge people earning over £123k a year 50% income tax.
How much did Labour receive in 2015? How much did the Tories receive? Lib Dems? Greens?
£51 million; £42 million; £7.9 million; £3 million.
What was introduced under the 'Political Parties, Elections and Referendum Act' (2000) that regulated party funding?
Donations over £500 have to be declared.
What are the 3 functions of political parties?
- Identifying leaders.
- Selecting candidates.
Who donated £500,000 to Labour in return for a peerage in 2004?
Up to how much do Policy Development Grants constitute for every party?
Up to 2 million pounds per party.
What is the benefit of state funding of parties? The downside?
Positive = it would effectively end corrupt and donations and political influence in 'hidden forms'.
Negative = parties may lose their independence and see themselves as being owned by the state.
Give an example of pragmatism by Conservatives.
After the economic crash of 2008, they resisted their belief in low taxes to cut the budget defect.
What did Thatcherism do in the 80s?
When did Benjamin Disraeli become PM?
They deregulated the stock market in 1986.
Why was Disraeli concerned about the two nations?
What did Tories have to adapt o and accept after WW2?
Believed that two nations or rich and poor could mean conflict and deaths of the elite - fear of revolution.
Socialist legislation from Atlee's government.
What views do the modern Conservative party have in taxation?
They have both a neoliberal view and a social democratic view. Personal and company tax should never be too high (neolib), but income tax on the poor is too high (social democracy).
What did Conservatices do about tax?
Mid 2015 - Osborne's budget. Corp tax to be cut to 19% by 2017.
May's 2017 Manifesto - to be cut to 17% by 2020.
Early 2016 Osborne budget - income tax to be collected only one those earning £11,500 or over by 2017 (it was £11,000 or over in 2016).
What do the modern conservatives believe about law and order?
Allow security forces to hack into and bug texts in the 'Investigatory Powers Act' (2016) - more authoritarian.
Cameron and Osborne believed in a reformed Europe - saw the benefits of trade and counterterrorism when working together, but opposed to the EU's aim of forming closer union.
Now, party is split on EU membership, but Theresa May is committed to her deal (wants a 4th vote as of March 2019)
How have modern conservatives distanced themselves from Thatcher?
Taxes on fizzy drinks (2018) can be viewed as intervention, contrast to 1986 stock market deregulation.
Thatcher saw the trade benefits of staying in the EEC, but Tory gov sees sacrifice of single market as a price worth paying to terminate free movement.
What is a mandate? What does it enable a PM to demand from MPs?
The gift of the public's permission to rule. Enables PMs to demand unity from MPs.
How have modern conservatives honoured Thatcher?
Thatcher imposed a series of legal obstacles which severely limited the power of the National Union of Mineworkers.
Similarly, the Trade Union Act in 2016 severely limited the ability of unions to call strikes, by forcing 50% of all people in the group to strike.
How have modern conservatives honoured Thatcher in terms of tax?
Top rate of tax under Thatcher slashed from 83p on the pound to 40p.
What are the 3 principles of Old Labour?
Collectivism - focus on the collective needs of the group.
Common ownership - major industries owns by the state.
War - distancing from international affairs. Wars affect poorest the most.
Who (and when) was the first leader of Labour?
What did Atlee's nationalise? What social reforms were passed by Wilson's gov in the 1960s?
Keir Hardie, 1890s.
Coal and railways nationalised.
What did Foot want in early 80s?
What did Kinnock do in late 80s-early 90s?
What did Blair do after becoming leader in 1994?
Nuclear disarmament and abolishing HOL.
More centre - dropped Foot's nuclear commitment.
Dropped clause 4 of the Labour Party constitution, upholding common ownership by the state.