Flashcards in Unit 3 Deck (26)
A simple relation between an antecedent stimulus and a reflex response.
To strongly, consistently, and reliably evoke.
A simple relation between a specific stimulus and a specific, innate, involuntary response.
Patellar reflex, eye blink reflex, lachrymal
reflex, pupillary reflex, respiratory reflex,
sneeze reflex, cough reflex, rooting reflex,
sucking reflex, salivation reflex,
swallowing reflex, peristalsis reflex,
reverse peristalsis reflex, reflex related to
low/high temperature, reflex to loud
sound, withdrawal reflex, activation reflex
Examples of Human Reflexes
A stimulus which elicits an unconditioned response without prior learning.
A response which is elicited by a unconditioned stimulus without prior learning.
A reduction in the frequency pr magnitude of a response or a set of responses as a result of prolonged exposure to a stimulus or an environmental context.
A reduction in the frequency or magnitude of a response or a set of responses as a result of prolonged exposure to a stimulus or an environmental context.
A temporary increase in some dimension or intensity of a reflex response due to repeated presentations of an eliciting stimulus. (most likely aversive)
The tendency of a stimulus to elicit a reflex response following the elicitation of that response by a different stimulus.
A S-S pairing procedures in which a neutral stimulus is presented with an unconditioned stimulus until the neutral stimulus becomes a conditioned stimulus that elicits the conditioned response.
A simple relation between a specific conditioned stimulus and a conditioned involuntary response.
A stimulus which has no eliciting effect on behavior prior to being paired contingently with am unconditioned stimulus or another conditioned stimulus.
A stimulus which elicits a conditioned response due to prior learning; that is, due to ontogenic provenance.
A response which is elicited by a continued stimulus due to prior learning.
The ONSET of the CS must come first, before the ONSET of the US; Very effective.
Short Delay Conditioning
The ONSET of the CS must come first, before the ONSET of the US; Usually effective.
Long Delay Conditioning
The OFFSET of the CS must come before the ONSET of the US; Sometimes effective.
Trace Conditioning Procedure
CS and US occur at the same time; usually not effective.
Simultaneous Conditioning Procedure
The ONSET of the US must come before the ONSET of the CS; almost always ineffective.
Backward Conditioning Procedure
A neutral stimulus is paired with a previously conditioned stimulus (CS) rather than with a US.
The process through which a conditioned reflex is weakened by discontinuing to pair the CS with the US
The sudden reappearance of a previously extinguished conditioned reflex.
Respondent Spontaneous Recovery
The spread of the effects of respondent conditioning to stimuli other than the conditioned stimulus.
Respondent Stimulus Generalization
The effect of the stimulus on a specific response may be learned, due to the experiential history of the individual organism in the environment.