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Flashcards in Unit 3 Deck (26)
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1

A simple relation between an antecedent stimulus and a reflex response.

Reflex

2

To strongly, consistently, and reliably evoke.

Elicit

3

A simple relation between a specific stimulus and a specific, innate, involuntary response.

Unconditioned Reflex

4

Patellar reflex, eye blink reflex, lachrymal
reflex, pupillary reflex, respiratory reflex,
sneeze reflex, cough reflex, rooting reflex,
sucking reflex, salivation reflex,
swallowing reflex, peristalsis reflex,
reverse peristalsis reflex, reflex related to
low/high temperature, reflex to loud
sound, withdrawal reflex, activation reflex

Examples of Human Reflexes

5

A stimulus which elicits an unconditioned response without prior learning.

Unconditioned Stimulus

6

A response which is elicited by a unconditioned stimulus without prior learning.

Unconditioned Response

7

A reduction in the frequency pr magnitude of a response or a set of responses as a result of prolonged exposure to a stimulus or an environmental context.

Habituation

8

A reduction in the frequency or magnitude of a response or a set of responses as a result of prolonged exposure to a stimulus or an environmental context.

Adaptation

9

A temporary increase in some dimension or intensity of a reflex response due to repeated presentations of an eliciting stimulus. (most likely aversive)

Potentiation

10

The tendency of a stimulus to elicit a reflex response following the elicitation of that response by a different stimulus.

Sensitization

11

A S-S pairing procedures in which a neutral stimulus is presented with an unconditioned stimulus until the neutral stimulus becomes a conditioned stimulus that elicits the conditioned response.

Respondent Conditioning

12

A simple relation between a specific conditioned stimulus and a conditioned involuntary response.

Conditioned Reflex

13

A stimulus which has no eliciting effect on behavior prior to being paired contingently with am unconditioned stimulus or another conditioned stimulus.

Neutral Stimulus

14

A stimulus which elicits a conditioned response due to prior learning; that is, due to ontogenic provenance.

Conditioned Stimulus

15

A response which is elicited by a continued stimulus due to prior learning.

Conditioned Response

16

The ONSET of the CS must come first, before the ONSET of the US; Very effective.

Short Delay Conditioning

17

The ONSET of the CS must come first, before the ONSET of the US; Usually effective.

Long Delay Conditioning

18

The OFFSET of the CS must come before the ONSET of the US; Sometimes effective.

Trace Conditioning Procedure

19

CS and US occur at the same time; usually not effective.

Simultaneous Conditioning Procedure

20

The ONSET of the US must come before the ONSET of the CS; almost always ineffective.

Backward Conditioning Procedure

21

A neutral stimulus is paired with a previously conditioned stimulus (CS) rather than with a US.

Higher-Order Conditioning

22

The process through which a conditioned reflex is weakened by discontinuing to pair the CS with the US

Respondent Extinction

23

The sudden reappearance of a previously extinguished conditioned reflex.

Respondent Spontaneous Recovery

24

The spread of the effects of respondent conditioning to stimuli other than the conditioned stimulus.

Respondent Stimulus Generalization

25

The effect of the stimulus on a specific response may be learned, due to the experiential history of the individual organism in the environment.

Phylogenic Provenance

26

The effect of the stimulus on a specific response may be learned, due to the experiential history of the individual organism in the environment.

Ontogenic Provenance