Unit 2 - The Reproductive System (Healthy Relationships, Sexuality) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 2 - The Reproductive System (Healthy Relationships, Sexuality) Deck (19)
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1

Reproduction

The process by which living organisms produce others of their own kind

2

Reproductive System

The body's organs and structures that make it possible to produce children

3

Egg Cells

The reproductive cell from the female that join with a sperm cell to make a new life

4

Ovaries

Female endocrine glands that release mature eggs and produce the hormones estrogen and progesterone

5

Ovulation

Process by which the ovaries release mature eggs, usually one each menstrual cycle

6

Uterus

Pear-shaped organ, located within the pelvis, in which the developing baby is nourished and protected

7

Fertilization

Joining of a male sperm cell and a female egg cell to make a fertilized egg

8

Embryo

The newly formed organism during its first two months of life

9

Menstruation

The flow from the body of the blood, tissues, and fluids that result from the breakdown of the lining of the uterus

10

Menstrual Cycle

The hormonal change that occur in females from the beginning of one menstruation to the next

11

Cervix

The neck, or lower section, of the uterus

12

Gynecologist

A doctor who specializes in the female reproductive system

13

Sperm

The male reproductive cells

14

Testes

The reproductive glands that produce sperm

15

Scrotum

Pouch of skin that holds the testes

16

Semen

Mixture of fluids and sperm

17

Ejaculation

A series of forceful muscular contractions

18

Erection

Penis becomes UPRIGHT and FIRM

19

Hernia

An internal organ pushing against or through a surrounding cavity wall

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