Unit 2 - Noncommunicable Diseases (Preventing Disease) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 2 - Noncommunicable Diseases (Preventing Disease) Deck (38)
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1

Noncommunicable Disease

A disease that cannot be spread from one person to another

2

Chronic

Present continuously on and off over a long period of time

3

Chronic Diseases

Diseases that are present continuously on and off over a long period of time

4

Degenerative Diseases

Cause a further breakdown in body cells, tissues, and organs as they progress

5

Congenital Disorders

All disorders that are present when a baby is born

6

Heredity

The passing of traits from parents to their biological children

7

Cancer

A disease that occurs when abnormal cells multiply out of control

8

Tumor

A group of abnormal cells that forms a mass

9

Benign Tumor

Not cancerous

10

Malignant Tumor

Cancerous

11

Risk Factors

Characteristics or behaviors that increase the likelihood of developing a medical disorder or disease

12

Carcinogen

A substance that can cause cancer

13

Biopsy

Removal of a tissue sample from a person for examination

14

Radiation Therapy

Treatment that uses X-rays or other forms of radiation to kill cancer cells

15

Chemotherapy

Use of powerful medicines to destroy cancer cells

16

Remission

Period during which cancer signs and symptoms disappear

17

Recurrence

The return of cancer after a remission

18

Arteriosclerosis

A group of disorders that cause a thickening and hardening of the arteries

19

Atherosclerosis

A condition of arteriosclerosis that occurs when fatty substances build up on the inner lining of the arteries

20

Heart Attack

A serious condition that occurs when the blood supply to the heart slows or stops and the heart muscle is damaged

21

Hypertension

A condition in which the pressure of the blood on the walls of the blood vessels stats at a level that is higher than normal

22

Stroke

Serious condition that occurs when an artery of the brain breaks or becomes blocked

23

Angioplasty

A surgical procedure in which an instrument with a tiny balloon, drill bit, or laser attached is inserted into a blocked artery to clear a blockage

24

Diabetes

A disease that prevents the body from converging food into energy

25

Insulin

A protein made in the pancreas that regulates the level of glucose in the blood

26

Type 1 Diabetes

A condition in which the immune system attacks insulin-producing cells in the pancreas

27

Type 2 Diabetes

A condition in which the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces

28

Arthritis

A disease of the joints marked by pain and swelling in body joints

29

Osteoarthritis

A chronic disease that is characterized by the breakdown of the cartilage in joints

30

Rheumatoid Arthritis

A chronic disease characterized by pain, inflammation, swelling, and stiffness of the joints

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