Unit 2 Flashcards Preview

UK politics/gov > Unit 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 2 Deck (59)
Loading flashcards...
1

What does 'demos' mean?

People

2

What does 'kratia' mean?

Power

3

What was the ISIS petition?

Called 'Ban all ISIS members from returning to the UK'.

Got over 500k signatures before being debated in Parliament. Debated May 2019.

4

Turnout for the AV vote?

How many voted yes to AV?

How many no?

41%

32%

68%

5

What was the turnout of the Scottish Independence Referendum? (2014).

How many said yes to independence?

How many said no?

85%

45%

55%

6

What was the turnout of the Brexit referendum (2016)?

Remain vote?

Leave vote?

72%

48%

52%

7

What did Edmund say about Representative democracy?

A representative betrays his judgement if he "sacrifices it to your opinion"

8

What did Rousseau say about representative democracy?

As soon as members are elected, "the people is enslaved".

9

How much of the vote did the Tories win in 2017? (%)

What was the turnout for this election?

42%

69%

10

In 2010, how many MPs were uni graduates? How many UK adults?

90% MPs

20% adults

11

Evidence to suggest turnout is bad:

We've never topped the 70% figure since 1997. 69% in 2017.

1950 turnout = over 80%.

12

Evidence to suggest turnout is good:

There's been a small recovery since 2001: 59% in 2001 to 69% in 2017

13

Evidence to suggest referendums have good turnout:

Scottish Independence Referendum had a 85% turnout.

14

Evidence to suggest referendums have bad turnout:

AV = 41% turnout

15

What Article does banning prisoner voting go against? When did the UK find a compromise?

Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights.

2017

16

What was the turnout of general election in Germany in 2013?

What was the turnout of the USA's presidential election (2016)?

Germany = over 70%.

USA = 55%

17

Name a famous suffragette

Emmeline Pankhurst

18

When was the Ballot Act? What did it do?

1872 - all voting now in secret to deter corruption/intimidation.

19

Equal Franchise Act?

1928 - now all adults 21+ can vote

20

Representation of the People Act?

1918. Most adult men (21+) and some adult married women (30+) could vote

21

What is one of the stunts that 'Fathers4Justice' have done?

David Chick climbed a 120ft crane while dressed as spiderman

22

What pressure group is involved in lobbying and likely has access points?

The NFU ('National Farmer's Union). These access points include local, regional and national levels. Lobbying = seeking meetings with ministers to put forward your case.

23

Which groups are known for public campaigning?

Plane Stupid, Countryside Alliance, Greenpeace

24

Which group has used illegal methods? What did they do?

'Plane Stupid' - wanting to show dangerous of airport expansion, so they trespassed at Heathrow Airport in 2016 and disrupted flights.

25

What group has a large membership?

Which groups have lots of funds?

Age UK - can put more pressure on decision makers.

Business pressure groups 'Institute of Directors' and 'Confederation of British Industry'. Can hire lobbyists.

26

What is Labour more sympathetic towards? Tory?

What group was resisted by Blair?

Labour = The FBU (Fire Brigades Union) in 2017

Tories = Countryside Alliance.

'Stop the War Coalition' (2003).

27

What is the powerful countervailing group to 'Forest"?

ASH - anti-smoking pressure group.

28

When was Justice For Gurkhas (SECTIONAL) active?

When did the government release a limited law?

When did Lumley meet the immigration minister?

2009 - fighting for Nepalese soldiers served in British army to settle.

April 2009 - Gurkhas can only settle if spent 20 years in the army.

May 2009

29

When did Lumley win?

May 2009

30

What was the new law?

Gurkhas who have served at least 4 years in the army + have retired before 1997 can settle.