Unit 14 - Noncommunicable Diseases (Teen Health 2) Flashcards Preview

MS - Health > Unit 14 - Noncommunicable Diseases (Teen Health 2) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 14 - Noncommunicable Diseases (Teen Health 2) Deck (31)
Loading flashcards...
1

Noncommunicable Disease

Disease that cannot be spread from person to person

2

Chronic

Present continuously on and off over a long period of time

3

Allergy

Extreme sensitivity to a substance

4

Allergen

Substance that causes an allergic response

5

Pollen

Powdery substance released by flowers of some plants

6

Histamine

Chemical that the immune cells release to draw more blood and lymph to the area affected by the allergy

7

Antihistamine

Medicine that reduces the production of histamines

8

Asthma

Chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways that causes air passages to become narrow or blocked, making breathing difficult

9

Bronchodilator

Reliever medication that relaxes muscles around the air passages

10

Arteriosclerosis

Group of disorders that cause a thickening and hardening of the arteries

11

Atherosclerosis

Condition that occurs when fatty substances build up on the inner lining of the arteries

12

Heart Attack

Occurs when the blood supply to the heart slows or stops and the heart muscle is damaged.

13

Hypertension

Disease in which the pressure of the blood on the walls of the blood vessels stays at a level that is higher than normal

14

Stroke

Serious condition that occurs when an artery of the brain breaks or becomes blocked

15

Angioplasty

Surgical procedure in which an instrument with a tiny balloon, drill bit, or laser attached is inserted into a blocked artery to clear a blockage

16

Cancer

Disease that occurs when abnormal cells multiply out of control

17

Tumor

Group of abnormal cells that form a mass

18

Benign tumor

Not cancerous

19

Malignant tumor

Cancerous

20

Risk Factor

Characteristic or behavior that increases the likelihood of developing a medical disorder or disease

21

Carcinogen

Substance that can cause cancer

22

Biopsy

Removal of a sample of tissue from a person for examination

23

Radiation Therapy

X-rays or other forms of radiation to kill cancer cells

24

Chemotherapy

Use of powerful medicines to destroy cancer cells

25

Diabetes

Disease that prevents the body from converting food into energy

26

Insulin

Protein made in the pancreas that regulates the level of glucose in the blood

27

Type 1 Diabetes

Body's immune system attacks and kills the cells in the pancreas that make insulin

28

Type 2 Diabetes

Body doesn't make enough insulin (linked to weight, food choices)

29

Arthritis

Disease of the joints marked by painful swelling and stiffness

30

Osteoarthritis

Chronic disease that is common in older adults and results from a breakdown in cartilage in the joints

Decks in MS - Health Class (33):