Unit 13 - Communicable Diseases (Teen Health 2) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 13 - Communicable Diseases (Teen Health 2) Deck (35)
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1

Disease

Condition that interferes with the normal or proper functioning of the body or mind

2

Communicable Disease

Disease that can be spread to a person from another person, an animal, or an object

3

Germs

Organisms that are so small they can only be seen through a microscope

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Pathogens

Germs that cause diseases

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Infection

Condition that happens when pathogens enter body, multiply, and cause harm

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Viruses

Smallest and simplest pathogens

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Bacteria

Simple one-celled organisms

8

Fungi

Organisms that are more complex than bacteria but cannot make their own food

9

Protozoa

One-celled organisms that are more complex than bacteria

10

Immune System

Combination of body defenses made up of the cells, tissues, and organs that fight pathogens in the body

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Inflammation

Body's response to injury or disease, resulting in a condition of swelling, pain, heat, and redness

12

Lymphatic System

Secondary circulatory system that helps the body fight pathogens and maintains its fluid balance

13

Lymphocytes

Special white blood cells in the blood and lymphatic system

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Antigens

Substances that send the immune system into action

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Antibodies

Specific proteins that attach to antigens, keeping them from harming the body

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Immunity

Ability to resist the pathogens that cause a particular disease

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Vaccine

Preparation of dead or weakened pathogens that is introduced into the body to cause an immune response

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Influenza

Communicable disease characterized by fever, chills, fatigue, headache, muscle aches, and respiratory symptoms

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Contagious Period

Length of time that a particular disease can be spread from person to person

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Mononucleosis

Viral disease characterized by a severe sore throat and swelling of the lymph glands in the neck and around the throat area

21

Hepatitis

Viral disease characterized by an inflammation of the liver and yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes

22

Tuberculosis

Bacterial disease that usually affects the lungs

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Pneumonia

Serious inflammation of the lungs

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Strep Throat

Sore throat caused by streptococcal bacteria

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Hygiene

Cleanliness

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Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)

Infections that are spread from person to person through sexual contact

27

Chlamydia

Bacteria STD that many affect the reproductive organs, urethra, and anus

28

Genital Warts

Growths or bumps in the genital area caused by certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV)

29

Genital Herpes

Viral STD that produces painful blisters on the genital area

30

Trichomoniasis

STD caused by the protozoan Trichomonas vaginalis

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