Flashcards in Unit 1: Ancient Greece Deck (30)
a Persian king in 550 BC, who respected conquered nations and their religions/customs, also was a military genius
son of Cyrus, named after his grandfather, Persian king after Cyrus in 530 BC, failed to follow his father's wise and honorable example when conquering Egypt
next Persian king after Cambyses in 522 BC,who spent the first 3 years of his reign putting down revolts across the Persian Empire, he brought peace and organization to the Persian Empire; he divided the Persian Empire into 20 provinces, each with it's own satrap, or governor, military leader, and tax collector; the " King's Eyes and Ears" were inspectors who ensured loyalty of provinces; made coins of standard value
appointed governor of a province
ran from Susa (Persia) to Sardis (Anatolia), 1,677 miles long; allowed quick communication with other parts of the empire
Persian prophet, who lived in 600 BC, taught that the earth is a battleground where a great struggle id fought between the spirit of good and the spirit of evil; preached that everyone is expected to take part in this struggle and at the end of time, Ahura Mazda (Zoroastrian god) will judge you according to how well you fought for good
people who settled in Greece in 2000 BC; the name Mycenaean came from the name of their main city, Mycenae, which had an almost unpenetrable 20 ft thick wall surrounding it; had strong rulers that dominated Greece from about 1600-1100 BC
1150 / 1200s BC, 10 years; fought between Troy and Greece; it began when the Mycencaeans conquered the Minoans and then wanted to conquer another civilization, Troy
Legend: Trojan prince kidnapped Helen (beautiful wife of Greek king) and Greece wanted to get her back
barbarians; Around 1200 BC, they moved into the raided Mycenaean countryside after the Mycenaean civilization collapsed; they spoke a dialect of Greek, less advanced than the Mycenaeans
blind storyteller and great epic poet, wrote the Illiad around 750-700 BC, which was based upon the Trojan War
narrative poems celebrating heroic deeds
fortified hilltop in ancient Greece; used to see of enemies were coming; had temples; government; the city forms around it
-type of government where one king rules
-practiced by Mycenae in 2000 BC
-type of government ruled by a small group of noble, landowning families (ppl who inherited nobility)
-practiced in Athens before 594 BC
-type of government that is ruled by a few powerful/wealthy citizens
-anyone can participate as long as they meet the wealth requirement
-practiced in Sparta in 500 BC
not cruel or mean, powerful individuals (usually nobles/ wealthy ppl) who seized control of gov by appealing to the common ppl for support
type of government that is ruled by the ppl
peasants who were forced to stay on the land they worked
a military formation of foot soldiers armed with spears and shields; an array of warriors; used teamwork
series of wars fought between the Persian Empire and the Greek city-states from 546 BC, which was when the Persians conquered Ionia, to several years after in 479 BC, when Xerxes' army was defeated when his ships sank.
What was the major difference between Cyrus and Darius?
Darius developed many successful strategies combining Persian control with self-government which Cyrus didn't have a chance to build
What did Darius not use to hold his empire together?
What quote was on Cyrus's tomb and what does it tell you about his character?
"I established the Persian Empire.....Do not begrudge me at my memorial." It tell you that he is a respectful, compassionate, humble, and modest man.
What events led to the development of Zoroastrianism?
a time of war and famine made ppl question why there is so much suffering and chaos in the world
What was the major importance of the Royal Road?
it helped unify the Persian Empire
1st Persian War
490 BC, 1 year, one battle- the Battle of Marathon; Athenians won; the Persians weren't used to fighting a phalanx; 200 Athenians died, 6,000 Persian died