Flashcards in Unit 1 Deck (53)
A broader scheme. All interactions between the actors on the international scene
A specific policy that is shared in the international community. Example: climate policies.
A coherent policy, plan, a strategy that is created in order to obtain national interests abroad.
What is the characteristic of a foreign policy?
It is long term
Something abstract, and talking from the point of view of an actor.
Issues regarding the Spanish foreign policy
-No coherent plan based on the national interest
What is the one policy that all Spanish governments have defended?
The territorial integrity of Gibraltar
Why is there no coherent national plan in Spain?
It changes with every new government
Can we talk about a Spanish international policy?
No. An international policy is shared by the whole international community
Can we use different terms as synonyms, ex: foreign policy, and international policy?
No, they have different meanings.
Does everyone agree that the foreign policy is mainly in regards to the State?
No. Some believe that it is mainly about the external behavior of a State, but others believe that it also includes other actors
The foreign policy is not exclusively linked to states, but it must have an...
official authoritative link to the governmental institutions
Who are the main actors in foreign policy, according to Spanish authors?
Does the Spanish law regard the government or the State?
The government. It does therefore not present the foreign policy as a State issue.
Can comunidades autonomas act in foreign relations?
Yes, since they are public administrations
Doe sthe comunidades autonomas need the authorization of the Spanish government in order to act in foreign relations?
What are the two groups of goals in defense policies?
Aims and short term goals
Definition of aims in defense policy
long term policies, state policies. Even war if necessary.
Definition of short term goals in defense policy
Short term goals, depends on the interest of the government in power
Is the UK being willing to go to war over the free navigation of waters a short term goal or an aim in defense policy?
why were Spain and the UK enemies?
The question of free movement of the oceans
Defense or security policy?
- A broader aim, a broader scope of the foreign policy.
- Domestic and foreign issues
- Risk and uncertainty
- Has to do with the lack of information
What are the issues related to the security policy?
Economic problems, climate issues, anything that can pose a threat to the state and its citizens.
Example of how risk and uncertainty go hand in hand in foreign policy
Ex: India and Pakistan are in a state of uncertainty, and they face a risk as they are both nuclear powers. Whilst France and Germany who are both facing a risk of being nuclear powers, they do not have the uncertainty factor.
Security is both a
feeling and a reality
Many policies are based on
Was it worth killing Saddam Hussein? is an example of what in security policy
A trade off in order to get security
Do we most often respond to a feeling of security or the reality of security?
The feeling of security. We tend to exaggerate small risks and downplay larger risks
What are the types of risks that end up in the news papers?
the rare and small risks