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Flashcards in Understanding paradigms for nursing research Deck (9)
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1

What is a paradigm?

-patterns of belief or general assumptions
-sets of philosophical underpinnings from which research approaches follow
- (research traditions, world views, methodologies)
-provide viewpoint, process and principles --> investigation conducted and interpreted

2

What are the paradigms in nursing research?

Quantitative and Qualitative

3

What are other words for quantitative?

positivism (empiricism), post positivism

4

What are other words used for qualitative?

-Interpretive and constructivism (underpinned by these)
-critical social theory

5

Use the example of red to describe the 2 paradigms

Quantitatively:
-measured objectively (wavelengths)
-accept something if it can be objectively measured
Qualitatively:
-wish to know what red means regardless of an objective definition
-subjective view

6

Quantitative strengths?

-generalisability
-description and prediction
-objective
-varifiable

7

Quantitative limitations?

-context stripping
-explanation needed
-value-free oobservations not possible
-absolute truth rarely established

8

Qualitative strengths?

-articulates voices of pps
-deliberately subjective
-multiple realities
-seeks understanding and shared meaning

9

Qualitative limitations?

-may ignore risk factors
-less objective (may not discriminate important patterns)
-less explanatory power
-theorising limited