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Flashcards in UK-USA Deck (17)
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1

Constitutions compared-similarities (4)

-both can be amended formal/informal
-to an extent both judiciable (HR)
-consist of written documents
-allow explicit protection rights both infringed upon by national security

2

constitutions different (4)

-US codified, UK uncodified
-US entrenched(article V), UK not
-US constitution sovereign with states/ federal gov, UK parliament is
-US rights more protected

3

UK parliament (4)- US congress(4)

UK
-declare war
-pass legislation (party manifesto)
-scrutinise gov
-vote no confidence remove
US
-declare war
-pass legislation (P's electoral platform)
-scrutinise exec
-impeach

4

House of commons strengths/weaknesses
3 each

STREGNTHS
-more powerful chamber
-strong backbench power
-strong constituency links
WEAKNESSES
-strong party whip
-executive dominance
-gov majorities in committees

5

House of lords strengths/weaknesses 3 each

STRENGTHS
-more time to debate
-reduces party discipline
-inc willing to challenge
WEAKNESSES
-unelected, hereditary
-Salisbury convention
-size

6

House of representatives strengths/weaknesses 3 each

STRENGTHS
-strong constituency links
-represented by population
-effective control by majority
WEAKNESSES
-short election cycle
-power of speaker, minority ignored
-shared legislative power

7

Senate strengths/weaknesses 4 then 3

STRENGTHS
-unanimous consent
-power of filibuster
-6 year term continuity
-represent state interests
WEAKNESSES
-shared legislative power
-unanimous consent gridlock
-overrepresent small under big

8

Role/powers of PM (7)

-head of gov
-party mandate, majority
-sovereign leader of majority
-collective executive with cabinet
-commander-in-chief, royal prerogative
-legislative agenda, queens speech
-no need to veto has majority

9

role/powers of president (7)

-head of state/ head of gov
-personal mandate, direct election 2 terms
-reality is sovereign with constitution
-singular exec appoints cabinet/EXOP
-commander-in-chief
-state union address
-gets to veto

10

similarities between supreme courts (5)

-independence of buildings and personnel
-rigorous appointment process
-tenure
-face pressure from elected branch/groups
-willing to rule against gov

11

differences between supreme courts (3)

-US justices salaries protected in constitution, UK set by ministry of justice
-US selects through elected political branches, UK (JAC)
-USA can overrule elected branches questioning independence, UK cannot

12

effectiveness of rights protection
UK-USA (good) 3 each

UK
-human rights act codified
-can appeal beyond supreme to ECHR
-parliament unlikely to ignore 'moral'
USA
-constitution 'quasi-sovereignty'
-rulings difficult to change
-unlikely to be ignored

13

ineffectiveness of rights protection
UK-USA (bad) 3 then 4

UK
-parliament remains sovereign
-ECHR been ignored in UK (prisoners rights)
-role of supreme court less understood
USA
-rulings ignored, Guantanamo bay
-hear few cases
-have no right to have case heard
-judges ideologically motivated

14

UK-USA electoral systems similarities (5)

-operate nationally 2-party systems
-FPTP not majority popular vote
-executives placed-indirect elections
-incumbent re-election rate high
-3rd party policies 'stolen'

15

UK-USA electoral systems differences (4)

-UK directly elect MP's, US vote both congress/president
-devolved/local elections involve third parties, US limited all levels
-finance greater influence in US
-use diff electoral systems in the UK

16

interest groups UK-USA powers
similarities (2)

differences (2)

-access through lobbying
-free media use as advertising

-court cases used more by US from groups
-size of US mass protests more complex

17

interest groups UK-USA influence
similarities/ differences 3 each

-give evidence to committees (legislative)
-use courts to exert influence
-more influence with support/money

-US more supreme court
-judicial rulings can be ignored
-more access points in US more chance