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Flashcards in UK POLITICS 3 Deck (17)
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1

What’s the 7 functions of elections ?

-Participation
-Representation, choice
-Divisive to ensure majority
-Confer legitimacy
-Form/choose gov
-Hold gov to account
-Influence over policy

2

Advantages of FPTP ?(6)

1)speed and simplicity
2) strong and stable government
3) exclusion of extremists
4) a strong link (MP’s- constituencies)
5)popular candidate wins
6)produces quick response

3

Disadvantages of FPTP ?(6)

1)Elected on less than 50%of the vote
2)Favour two-party system
3)Votes wasted (safe seats) unequal value
4)Other systems have good links AMS..
5)Electronic voting ease speed
6) Discriminates against moderate small parties

4

What are marginal seats?



What are safe seats ? problem?

Seats held by a small majority, money campaigning focused here.


Constituency has a secure majority over, MP's don't have to try/voters votes wasted

5

What’s the supplementary vote (SV)?
1st/2nd choice- need 50% if not got to 2nd choice

what is it used for?

A majoritarian electoral system



London mayor and commissioners

6

AMS,(constituency vote/party vote= 1 local 1 regional representative, party list system makes result more proportionate)

What is AMS a hybrid of ?

Where is AMS used?(3)

proportional rep (FPTP) and list system


1) Scottish Parliament
2) welsh assembly
3) Greater London assembly

7

STV, (MMC's vote 1,2,3 need to reach quota, surplus votes redistributed to 2nd preferences. Least pop eliminated till quota reached)

Where is the STV used?(2)
and is highly....?

-Northern Ireland assembly
-Scottish council elections

proportional

8

What is a mandate?



What is a plurality electoral system?

authority extended to winning candidate confirming they can legislate in accordance with manifesto

voter has one vote
winner takes all
could have less than 50%of vote

9

Elections promote democracy (6)

-Educate public
-Encourage participation
-Choice
-MP's responsible, represent interests of electorate
-Peaceful change of power
-Ultimate expression of popular will

10

Elections don't promote democracy (4)

-Can fail to educate, misinform
-Take decision-making away from ppl
-Mandate, but doesn't specify likes/dislikes in manifesto
-Choice is illusion no diff between parties

11

Advantages of SV? (5)

-moderate campaigning (2nd choice value)
-simple, could replace FPTP
-all MP's have to support majority of voters
-reduces tactical voting no wasted votes
-uses single member constituencies goof links

12

Disadvantages of SV? (3)

-promotes 2-party system
-tactical voting for 2nd choice
-not majority support as some 2nd choice votes for previously eliminated candidates

13

Advantages of AMS? (4)

-it is proportional (seats reflects votes)
-voter has accountable representative
-wider choice (fairer to 3rd parties)
-coalition government proven to be good

14

Disadvantages of AMS? (4)

-list chosen by party giving them power
-2 representatives creates animosity
-complicated
-small parties less represented than under a fully proportional system

15

Advantages of STV? (6)

-fewer votes wasted
-greater choice
-more than 1 representative
-no safe seats
-no need for tactical voting
-coalition gov likely

16

Disadvantages of STV? (5)

-takes a long time to count votes
-'donkey voting' vote in order on paper
-ballot papers big and confusing
-MMC's line of accountability less clear
-multiparty systems complex power share e.g. unionist/nationalist

17

-Majoritarian systems
-electoral reform
-gender balance
-spoiled ballots

-stronger individual mandate
-doesn't necessarily increase turnout
-encourages descriptive representation
-increase