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Flashcards in UK POLITICS 2 Deck (16)
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1

What are the 6 functions of political parties ?

representation
participation
elections
government
organisation
education

2

what are 7 way parties encourage democracy?

-encourage participation
-provide choices for voters
-educate and inform electorate
-uphold the authority of parliament
-facilitate representation
-administer elections
-legitimise elections (peaceful transition of power)

3

what are 5 ways parties threaten democracy?

-engage in adversarial politics
-low turnout indicating lack of faith
-oversimplify issues
-rich interest groups become excessively influential
-fail to reflect society (minorities/women)

4

What would be 'permissible source' for donations? (4)

on the UK electoral register
registered political party
UK registered company
registered trade union or building society

5

parties should receive sate funding? (4)

-stops wealthy groups influencing
-can focus on representing electorate
-smaller get fair financial support
-less wealthy pressure groups get equal hearing by parties

6

no state funding?(3)

-politicians be less interested in pressure groups points of view
-taxpayers shouldn't be funding them
-disagreements over how funding allocated

7

what are the key differences between Old Labour and New Labour? (4)

1)commitment to equality vs individuals achieving their potential
2)nationalisation vs free market economics 3)cradle-to grave welfare vs targeted welfare
4)recognition of class divisions vs rejection of this view

8

what was One nation conservatism ?
influenced by?
ideas?
introduce/reduce?

influenced by Disraeli based on ideas of paternalism, pragmatism sought to introduce social reforms reduce social inequalities

9

what was Thatcherism/ New Right?
combination of?
favoured/reduced?
intolerant of?

neo-liberalism/neo-conservatism. favoured individual opposed to the state (free-market economics) reduced welfare and lowered taxes
intolerant of 'alternative' lifestyles

10

what are the liberal democrats policies?
tolerance-
rights-
equality of opportunity-
social justice-
constitutionalism-

-beliefs/religions/lifestyles tolerated
-strongly safeguarded
-unfair advantages should be removed
-should be capitalism but with redistribution of wealth to counter effects
-strong constitution ensure separation of powers, limited by laws and de-centralised

11

what are social liberals 3 features?

-centre-left
-increase social justice through the state
-high spending on poor to reduce inequality

12

what are 3 features of classic/orange book liberals ?

-centre
-increase social mobility
-favour cutting taxes for poor

13

what was the no of votes to seats for UKIP in the 2015 general election?


when was Scottish referendum and result?

3.8million -1 seat



September 2014, no-55% yes-45%

14

what is one way a minor party has influenced UK politics ?

UKIP calling of EU referendum needing UKIP voters and thus the triggering of article 50.

15

what are the 7 factors effecting party success?

policies
leaders
campaign
party unity
media
wider political context
opposition

16

what are the 5 features of a two party system?

1) 2 major parties dominate
2)on of the two secure a majority win
3)other party is the official opposition
4)gov power regularly alternates between
5)other parties have low representation